Should I learn the Ionic framework

Philosophy, ionic

Collective term for those representatives of pre-Socratic ancient philosophy who lived in the Greek planting cities of the west coast of Asia Minor (Ionia) in the 7th and 6th centuries and whose works have only survived in fragments. Among them are primarily the Milesians Thales (approx. 624-547), Anaximander (approx. 610-550) and Anaximenes (approx. 575-525). According to ancient tradition, these were considered to be the founders of natural philosophy with their basic question about the ark, the unified original principle or original substance from which the variety of sensually perceptible phenomena should be derived. While Thales and Anaximenes started from a material primordial substance - that of the element water, that of the air, from which all other elements should arise through compression and dilution - Anaximander took an immortal unlimited (Apeiron) that proceeds by means of a rationally comprehensible law , as an abstract explanatory principle. In retrospect, the scientific achievement of the Milesian natural philosophers consists less in the substantive answers they formulated than formally in their methodological insights (here, one should think above all of the discovery, attributed to Thales, of the possibility of the theoretical theorem and the proof within his geometrical considerations which provided the model for philosophical reasoning) and in their basic approach: In contrast to and in contrast to the previous narrative explanation of the world of the myth, they replaced its multitude of concrete, individual and mostly personified explanatory reasons and instances with the specification of one abstract (or at least more abstract) principle (for example - as Aristotle already remarked - in the case of Thales the personified sea god Oceanus of mythical cosmogony is replaced by the primary material water). Thus they not only form the beginning of Greek philosophy, but at the same time the beginning of the specifically occidental project of scientific rationality. - Due to their geographical origin, Xenophanes von Kolophon (approx. 570–475 / 70) and Heraclitus of Ephesus (approx. 536–470) are sometimes also used for the i. Ph. Calculated, which usually leads to the natural scientific parts of their works being brought to the fore: Then one sees in Xenophanes less the critic of the anthropomorphic belief in gods than the representative of the doctrine of the unchangeable divine One, who thus became the teacher of Parmenides and becomes the founder of the Eleatic philosophy, and in Heraclitus the representative of fire as primary material in the sense of the Milesians.