Who is the richest man in Scotland

The 10 richest men of the 19th century

Compared to the wealth of many men who lived and worked in the 19th century, today's super-rich like Bill Gates and Warren Buffet can wrap up. Influential and significant personalities who have also shaped the present day can be found on the places 1-10 of the richest men of the 19th century.

In first place in the ranking is not just an individual, but an entire family that shaped the 19th century. The stated assets are adjusted for inflation, the development of the gold price is taken into account and the amounts thus roughly correspond to today's monetary value.

10. Jay Gould (€ 56.1 billion)

Jay Gould was an American investor and entrepreneur who, by today's standards, had assets of € 56.1 billion in his lifetime. The New Yorker, who worked in the railroad business, was born in 1836 and died in 1892.

9. Friedrich Weyerhäuser (€ 63.21 billion)

The German Friedrich Weyerhäuser went to the USA at the age of 18 and began to work in the wood business, where he became one of the greats. His company, which he founded in 1900, owned wooded areas, sawmills and paper mills. According to today's monetary value, his fortune was € 63.21 billion, which puts him in 9th place among the richest men of the 19th century.

8. Alexander Turney Stewart (€ 71.1 billion)

Born in 1803, Stewart made his fortune of € 71.1 billion (today's monetary value) in the textile industry. In 1848 he owned what was then the largest retail store in the world on Broadway, in New York. He also owned several factories with which he raked in millions annually.

7. John Jacob Astor (€ 95.6 billion)

John Jacob Astor, born in 1864, was an inventor and businessman from New York. He built the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York in 1897 and died in 1912 in the sinking of the Titanic. He also wrote books and achieved the rank of first lieutenant in the Spanish-American war.

6. Henry Ford (€ 157 billion)

Even today, Henry Ford is always present, namely through the car brand he founded. The automotive pioneer was born in 1863, died in 1947 and perfected assembly line technology in automotive engineering during his lifetime. With a fortune equivalent to € 157 billion, Henry Ford is the sixth richest man born in the 19th century.

5. Mir Osman Ali Khan (€ 181.7 billion)

The last Muslim ruler of the Princely State of Hyderabad could call his own € 181.7 billion in today's monetary value if you add up all his possessions (gold, jewels, etc.). He was born in 1886 and was considered eccentric on the one hand, but extremely stingy when it comes to his clothes or other everyday objects.

4. Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov (€ 237 billion)

The former Tsar of Russia Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov ruled the country from 1894 to 1917. He was murdered by Bolshevik insurgents and had assets of the equivalent of € 237 billion during his lifetime. However, he is not only the fourth richest man in the 19th century, but also the richest saint after his canonization by the Russian Orthodox Church.

3. Andrew Carnegie (€ 244.9 billion)

Andrew Carnegie, the industrialist from Scotland, was in the steel industry and founded the Carnegie Steel Company. He was born in 1835. Carnegie is one of the wealthiest people of the 19th century and donated much of his fortune. He died in Massachusetts, USA in 1919. His company was sold to US Steel (WKN 529498) in 1901 and still exists in this form today.

2. John Davison Rockefeller (€ 268.6 billion)

The entrepreneur John D. Rockefeller ranks second as the richest man of the 19th century. He was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company and, like Carnegie, was considered the greatest philanthropist of his time. In addition to his work as a businessman, he devoted himself to education, medicine, agriculture, health care and science. New York's Rockefeller Center was named after his son, who was largely involved in financing the construction project.

The Standard Oil Company no longer exists in its original form, but has been divided into 34 individual companies due to its monopoly position. Through acquisitions and renaming, corporations like Chevron and ExxonMobil have emerged.

1. Rothschild family (€ 276.5 billion)

The number 1 of the richest men of the 19th century is not an individual, but an entire family. The Jewish Rothschild banking family from Frankfurt had assets of € 276.5 billion and was one of the most influential investors of their time. In the 19th century the family owned the world's largest bank (M. A. Rothschild and Sons) with a focus on the international bond business and is of great importance in economic history.

The banking house in its former form no longer exists today, in its place are three financial groups controlled by different parts of the Rothschild family. These include Paris-Orléans SA (WKN 859054), Groupe LCF Rothschild with Banque Privée Edmond de Rothschild (WKN 874347) and RIT Capital Partners PLC (WKN 878204).

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