Which publisher has the best books

Authors choose the 100 best books

100 prominent authors from 50 nations have chosen the best books in the history of literature. There is no ranking, only first place is certain. One and a half Austrians made the list.

he Norwegian Book Club Association and publishing house "Bokklubben" has issued a list with the "100 Best Books of Literary History": 100 well-known authors from 50 nations were asked which they consider the ten best and most important books. You should choose works that had both a certain influence on the culture but also a personal influence on the respective author himself.

From this, the "Bokklubben" compiles its top 100 list: There is no valuation - with the exception of number one: with more than 50 percent of the votes, "Don Quixote" by Miguel de Cervantes was voted for the top spot.

Those who voted were John Irving, Salman Rushdie, John le Carré, Nadine Gordimer, Milan Kundera, Christa Wolf, Carlos Fuentes, V.S. Naipaul, Paul Auster, A.S. Byatt, Ben Okri, Orhan Pamuk, Fay Weldon, Wole Soyinka, Bei Dao, Nawal El Saadawi, Yvonne Vera, Astrid Lindgren, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Norman Mailer and many other authors.

There are also one and a half Austrians on the list: Robert Musil and Franz Kafka, who was born in today's Czech Republic.

(Except for Miguel de Cervantes in alphabetical order)

Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616): Don Quixote (El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha), Spain

Chinua Achebe (Born 1930): Things Fall Apart, Nigeria

Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875): Fairy Tales (Eventyr og historier), Denmark

Jane Austen (1775-1817): Pride and Prejudice, Great Britain

Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850): Father Goriot (Le Père Goriot), France

Samuel Beckett (1906-1989): Molloy trilogy of novels, Malone dies and the nameless one (Molloy, Malone meurt), Ireland

Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375): Decameron, Italy

Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986): Fictions (Ficciones), Argentina

Emily Brontë (1818-1848): Sturmhöhe (Wuthering Heights), Great Britain

Albert Camus (1913-1960): The Stranger (L'Etranger), France

Paul Celan (1920-1970): Poems, Romania / France

Louis-Ferdinand Celine (1894-1961): Journey to the End of the Night (Voyage au bout de la nuit), France

Geoffrey Chaucer (1340-1400): The Canterbury Tales, Great Britain

Joseph Conrad (1857-1924): Nostromo, Great Britain

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321): The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia), Italy

Charles Dickens (1812-1870): Great Expectations of Great Britain

Denis Diderot (1713-1784): Jacques the fatalist and his master (Jacques le fataliste et son maître) France

Alfred Doblin (1878-1957): Berlin Alexanderplatz, Germany

Fyodor Michailowitsch Dostoevsky (1821-1881): Crime and Punishment (Guilt and Atonement), The Idiot, Demons (Evil Spirits), The Karamazov Brothers, Russia

George Eliot (1819-1880): Middlemarch, Great Britain

Ralph Ellison (1914-1994): The Invisible Man, USA

Euripides (approx. 480 - 406 BC): Medea (Medeia) Greece

William Faulkner (1897-1962): Absalom, Absalom !, Schall und Wahn (The Sound and the Fury), USA

Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880): Madame Bovary, The Education of Emotions: The Story of a Young Man (L 'éducation sentimentale), France

Federico García Lorca (1898-1936): Gypsy romances (Romancero gitano), Spain

Gabriel García Marquez (born 1928): One Hundred Years of Solitude (Cien anõs de soledad), Love in the times of cholera (El amor en los tiempos del cólera), Colombia

Gilgamesh (approx. 1800 BC): The Gilgamesh epic (Mesopotamia)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832): Faust, Germany

Nikolaj Gogol (1809-1852): The Dead Souls (Mertvye dushi) Russia

Günter Grass (born 1927): The Tin Drum, Germany

João Guimarães Rosa (1880-1967): Grande sertão: Veredas, Brazil

Knut Hamsun (1859-1952): Hunger (Sult), Norway

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961): The Old Man and the Sea
United States

The Book of Job (600-400 BC), Israel

Homer (c. 700 BC): Iliad, Odyssey (Odysseia), Greece

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906): Nora or A Doll's House (Et dukkehjem), Norway

James Joyce (1882-1941): Ulysses, Ireland

Franz Kafka (1883-1924): The Metamorphosis and Other Stories, The Trial, The Castle, Czech Republic / Austria

Kalidasa (approx. 400): Sakuntala: Drama in seven acts (Abhijñana Sakuntala), India

Yasunari Kawabata (1899-1972): A cherry tree in winter (Yama no oto), Japan

Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957): Alexis Sorbas (Víos kai politía tou Aléxi Zormpá), Greece

D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930): Sons and Lovers, Great Britain

Halldór K. Laxness (1902-1998): His own master (Sjálfstætt fólk), Iceland

Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837): Poems (Canti), Italy

Doris Lessing (born 1919): The Golden Notebook, Great Britain

Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002): Pippi Longstocking (Pippi Långstrump). Sweden

Lu Xun (1881-1936): Diary of a Madman and Other Stories (K'uangjen jih -chi), China

Of love and power. The Mahabharata (ca.500 BC), India

Naguib Mahfouz (born 1911): The children of our neighborhood (Awlad Haritna), Egypt

Thomas Mann (1875-1955): Buddenbrooks, Der Zauberberg, Germany

Herman Melville (1819-1891): Moby Dick, USA

Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592): Essays (Les Essais), France

Elsa Morante (1918-1985): La Storia, Italy

Toni Morrison (born 1931): Human Child (Beloved), USA

Shikibu Murasaki: Tales of Prince Genji (Genji monogatari), Japan

Robert Musil (1880-1942): The Man Without Qualities, Austria

Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977): Lolita, Russia / USA

Njals saga (c. 1300): The saga of the sage Njal (Brennu-Njáls saga), Iceland

George Orwell (1903-1950): 1984, UK

ovid (43 c. Chr. - 17 AD): Metamorphoses (Metamorfoses), Italy

Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935): The Book of Unrest (Livro do desassossego), Portugal

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849): The Complete Stories, USA

Marcel Proust (1871-1922): In search of lost time (à la recherche du temps perdu), France

François Rabelais (1495-1553): Gargantua and Pantagruel (La Vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel), France

Juan Rulfo (1918-1986): Pedro Páramo, Mexico

Jalal ad-din Rumi (1207-1273): Mathnawi (Masnavi-ye Ma 'anavi), Iran

Salman Rushdie (born 1947): Midnight's Children, India / Great Britain

Sheikh Musharrif ud-din Sadi (ca.1200-1292): The Orchard (Bustan) Iran

Tajjib Salich (born 1929): Time of the North Migration (Mawsim al-hijrah ilá al-Shamal), Sudan

José Saramago (1922-2010): The City of the Blind (Ensaio sobre a Cegueira), Portugal

William Shakespeare (1564-1616): Hamlet, King Lear (King Lear), Othello, Great Britain

Sophocles (496-406 BC): King Oedipus (Oidipous tyrannos), Greece

Stendhal (1783-1842): Red and Black (Le Rouge et le Noir), France

Laurence stars (1713-1768): Tristram Shandy (The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy), Ireland

Italo Svevo (1861-1928): Zeno's conscience (La coscienza di Zeno), Italy

Jonathan Swift (1667-1745): Gulliver's Travels, Ireland

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910): War and Peace (Voina i mir), Anna Karenina, The death of Iwan Iljitsch (Smert Ivana Iljitsja), Russia

Anton P. Chekhov (1860-1904): Selected Stories (Izbrannye rasskazy), Russia

Thousand and one Night (700-1500, Kitab Alf layla wa layla), India, Iran, Egypt

Mark Twain (1835-1910): The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, USA

Valmiki (ca.300 BC): Ramayana, India

Virgil (70 - 19 BC): Aeneid, Italein

Walt Whitman (1819-1892): Leaves of Grass, USA

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941): Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, Great Britain

Marguerite Yourcenar (1903-1987): I tamed the she-wolf. Hadrian's Memories (Les memoires d 'Hadrien), France