Is New Orleans Louisiana a polluted city

New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina

In 1718 New Orleans was founded by Jean Baptiste La Moyne des Bienville as "La Nouvelle Orléans".

The city of New Orleans is located in the Mississippi Delta and was the largest city in the state of Louisiana in the USA with an area of ​​907.0 km² until August 29, 2005. New Orleans is in the catchment area of ​​hurricanes, the tropical storms that form over the Atlantic Ocean between May and October. The worst hurricane to date, "Katrina", hit the city on August 29, 2005, claiming thousands of lives. The hurricane caused almost complete devastation of the city, which is so catastrophic that many people are unable to rebuild it at the moment also consider unsafe place not to be useful.

New Orleans was at times in a state of emergency. Martial law even had to be proclaimed to stop looters.

Before the disaster, New Orleans was an important industrial center, because the large port connects the Mississippi with the Gulf of Mexico. New Orleans was built on a marshland that was drained with large pumps at the beginning of the 20th century. In addition, high dikes were built around the city to protect it from water ingress. Because as the swamp under the city continues to dense and sink, large parts of the city are up to two meters below sea level. An extensive drainage system was also built and powerful pumps installed to keep the city out of sudden, heavy rainfall. These drainage measures made it possible to enlarge New Orleans by a considerable amount, so that the city had 490,000 inhabitants even before Hurricane Katrina. A total of 1,300,000 people lived in the New Orleans metropolitan area.


Large parts of the population were evacuated before the hurricane, but around 80,000 people were still in the city when it hit. Many had sought refuge in the large Superdome sports stadium.

But the Superdome, which was initially thought to be very storm-proof, was badly damaged during the hurricane and later enclosed by the masses of water. The people who found shelter here lacked water, food and medicine. The sanitary conditions in the city were soon catastrophic. And the risk of epidemics from the polluted water, which contains corpses, waste, chemicals, animal carcasses and droppings, increased by the hour. After the consequences of the flooding became clear, the government decided on August 31 to completely evacuate the entire city, including the Superdome. Many people were initially taken to the Houston Astrodome. After around 10,000 people were still in the devastated city on September 7th, Mayor Ray Nagin announced that the people would be forcibly removed from the city. In the Astrodome sports stadium, several hundred flood victims had already contracted a gastrointestinal infection, and coli bacteria had already been discovered in the dirty flood water in the streets of New Orleans.

New accommodation now has to be found for more than a million people. Where and how this is to be done is not yet entirely clear to the authorities. It is also uncertain how many people died.

In the small town of Saint Gabriel, Louisiana, a warehouse was set up as a huge morgue that can hold up to 5,000 dead. A group of 100 employees is supposed to work in shifts around the clock to identify the dead. The Mayor of New Orleans did not rule out that up to 10,000 people were killed in the storm and floods. The water in the up to 80 percent flooded city of New Orleans is only slowly receding. After the first pumps can be put back into operation, the water is sucked out of the streets and fed into the Pontchartrain lake. According to experts, however, it could take up to 80 days for New Orleans to be completely pumped out. A German team from the Technical Relief Organization set off for the region on September 7, 2005 with another 15 heavy pumps to support the American rescue workers.

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