How do I find cyanide in Pakistan

Recall: Risk of poisoning - cyanide in sweet apricot kernels (organic) from "Morgenland"

The European Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) warns against the consumption of sweet apricot kernels (organic) from the brand "Morgenland" originating from Pakistan, which have reached several European countries via the USA.

According to the RASFF rapid warning, up to 173.6 mg / kg - ppm cyanide found in the cores - a recall was ordered. In addition to Germany, other European countries are also affected, including Austria, Luxembourg and Spain.

Affected article

Product: sweet apricot kernels (organic)
Brand: Morgenland
Content: 250g
Item no .: 150110001
Expiry dates / batch: 09/13/2017 (L161948), 09/18/2017 (L162030), 12/08/2017 (L162785), 01/08/2018 (L162786), 04/08/2018 (L170875), 07/07/2018 (L171781)
EgeSun GmbH
Origin: Pakistan via USA

RASFF notification>

For reasons of preventive consumer protection, EgeSun is recalling the article “MorgenLand Sweet Apricot Kernels, Organic, 250g” with the mentioned batches and best-before dates from specialist retailers and retailers and asks that the goods be destroyed or returned to the respective point of sale. The purchase price will be refunded.
The information on the batch and best before date can be found on the back of the packaging.

Apricot kernels pose a risk of cyanide poisoning

Eating more than three small, raw apricot kernels, or less than half a large kernel, in a single serving can cause safe limits to be exceeded. In the case of small children, there is a risk that the limit value will be exceeded if only a small apricot kernel is consumed.

Apricot kernels contain a naturally occurring substance called amygdalin, which turns into cyanide (hydrogen cyanide) after consumption. Cyanide poisoning can cause nausea, fever, headache, insomnia, thirst, sluggishness, nervousness, various joint and muscle pains and a drop in blood pressure. In extreme cases, it can lead to death.

Studies have shown that as little as 0.5 to 3.5 milligrams (mg) of cyanide per kilogram of body weight can be fatal. The EFSA panel for contaminants in the food chain set the safe limit value for a single exposure (the so-called acute reference dose - “ARfD”) at 20 micrograms (µg) per kilogram of body weight. This is 25 times below the lowest reported lethal dose.

Based on these limit values ​​and the amygdalin concentrations typically found in raw apricot kernels, EFSA experts estimate that consuming less than half of a large kernel would already lead to the ARfD for adults being exceeded (370 mg) can. For small children this amount would be 60 mg