Can you sneeze underwater?
Hygiene when coughing & sneezing
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Nasal drops or nasal sprays may only be used by one person in order to avoid the transmission of germs. Also make sure that the application is hygienic:
- When using nasal drops or spray in a squeeze bottle, you should keep the suction cap of the dropper or bottle pressed until you have pulled the applicator out of your nose so that no nasal secretions get into the bottle.
- Thoroughly wipe all parts that go into the nose with a clean cloth after each use and put the protective cap back on.
- Note the information in the leaflet on how long the product can be used after opening. You should discard the product when this period is exceeded.
- If you suffer from chronic inflammation of the sinuses, you should wash the spray head of the prescribed nasal spray particularly carefully with hot water after use. Otherwise, contamination can lead to bacteria being introduced back into your nasal mucous membranes when you use it again.
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In the event of severe symptoms, a severely impaired general condition and fever, it is advisable to consult a doctor. Diseases are often more severe, especially in infants, the elderly or people with weakened immune systems.
Medical treatment can help you regain your health more quickly and without complications, thus preventing the disease from spreading.
In the case of a cold or flu, usually only the symptoms are treated, for example with antipyretic or expectorant agents as well as decongestant nasal drops. However, the viruses that cause the disease cannot be combated directly. Antibiotics are ineffective against viruses. Only if there is a bacterial infection will your doctor prescribe an antibiotic if necessary. The antibiotic must be taken exactly as directed for it to work properly. Ask your doctor or health care professional how much longer you are contagious.
Further information on individual diseases can be found in the pathogen profiles.
© Micha Rosenwirth / Hemera / ThinkStock
Vaccination can protect against many infectious diseases. Note the vaccination recommendations, which are regularly updated by the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO), and seek advice from your doctor.
Vaccinations are also available against some respiratory infections that, along with other symptoms, include coughs and runny nose, for example against the flu or whooping cough. However, there is no vaccination against colds. The flu vaccination does not protect against it, as colds, so-called flu-like infections, are triggered by different viruses than the real flu (influenza). Influenza viruses often create new variants. That is why the influenza vaccine is updated every year and the vaccination has to be renewed every year.
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