Which oils are classified as essential
Classification, labeling and packaging of essential oils (EU labeling)
1 Information on chemicals legislation Cantonal specialist agencies for chemicals Leaflet D05_EU Page 1 of 22 Ver / 2014 Classification, labeling and packaging of essential oils (EU labeling) This leaflet is aimed at: Manufacturers and importers of essential oils Points of sale of essential oils that produce their own oil mixtures to prepare IMPORTANT NOTE: From now on, chemicals may no longer be classified and labeled according to the previous EU system described here, but must be classified and labeled according to the new GHS / CLP system (see leaflet D05_GHS). What are essential oils? Essential oils are mixtures of volatile and fragrant components that are produced from vegetable raw materials by steam distillation, extraction with solvents or cold pressing. They differ from fatty oils (for example sunflower oil) in that they evaporate completely (ethereal means volatile in German, easily evaporating). Essential oils are mainly used as fragrances, be it as an air freshener or as a perfume in a cosmetic product. They are also used as a remedy or to improve the taste of spices. What are the dangers of essential oils? Essential oils can be irritating to the skin, eyes and mucous membranes. They can also cause allergic skin reactions. Essential oils with low viscosity can also get into the lungs if swallowed and cause serious damage (risk of aspiration). Because of these dangers, essential oils are to be regarded as dangerous chemicals in many cases and must therefore be classified, packaged and labeled in accordance with the chemicals legislation. Which legal regulations apply to essential oils? The intended use of an essential oil or a preparation or an object with essential oils determines which legal regulation is to be applied. In some cases, different legal regulations may apply to one and the same preparation with essential oil, depending on how it is advertised. Essential oils are subject to: the Therapeutic Products Act (SR) if they are touted as medicinal products or medical products (healing effects; health effects). the Food Act (SR 817.0), if they are touted as a food additive. the Food Act (SR 817.0), if they are touted as cosmetics (perfume). of the Feed Ordinance (SR), if they are touted as an additive to feed. of the Biocidal Products Ordinance (SR), if they e.g. are touted as insect repellants. in all other cases they are subject to the Chemicals Ordinance (SR). The raw materials are also subject to chemicals legislation, regardless of the purpose for which they are subsequently used. This leaflet only explains the obligations under the chemicals legislation!
2 Merkblatt D05_EU page 2 of 22 Ver / 2014 Obligations according to chemicals legislation Classification and labeling Manufacturers of essential oils must assess whether they can endanger human life or health or the environment. You have to classify, package and label them. How essential oils are classified, labeled and packaged is explained in more detail in this leaflet. Safety data sheet For essential oils that are sold to commercial or professional users, safety data sheets must also be drawn up. These are to be given to professional and commercial users free of charge. The requirements for the safety data sheet are based on Annex II of the European REACH regulation, with certain adjustments being necessary for Switzerland (see also information sheet C02). Obligation to register Essential oils must be registered in the product register within three months of being placed on the market. In principle, these substances and mixtures must be reported with a safety data sheet (for criteria for compiling an SBD, see information sheet C02; applies to public products). Products that are marketed exclusively for commercial or professional use are only notifiable from a quantity of 100 kg / year. Chemicals that require authorization, such as biocidal products or pesticides, are not subject to notification. Also excluded are: Substances and mixtures for research, analysis and educational purposes Substances and mixtures that are used exclusively as raw materials for food, medicinal products or animal feed Non-hazardous mixtures in packaging with a content of no more than 200 ml, if they are in the Manufactured in Switzerland and sold directly from the manufacturer to the end consumer. Finished cosmetics The obligation to notify includes information on the identity of the manufacturer, classification / labeling and the use of the oils. For oils that are available to everyone (public products), the full composition must be specified, for non-hazardous and commercial oils only to the extent as in the safety data sheet. In the case of environmentally hazardous essential oils, the annual delivery quantity must also be declared. The registration in the product register takes place via the internet registration form under> Login. For more information on the obligation to notify, see leaflets B01 (substances) and B02 (preparations / mixtures) Classification of pure essential oils The European association of flavor and fragrance manufacturers EFFA (European Flavor and Fragrance Association) has a helpful guide on the classification and labeling of flavors and Fragrances published 1. Only a few fragrances are officially classified in Annex VI, Part 3 of Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 CLP Regulation (legally binding version of the former Annex I of the Substances Directive 67/548 / EEC). This leaflet therefore refers to the classification suggestions for essential oils and their ingredients presented in the guide. In addition, the guidelines for classification and labeling contain relevant information on the type and content of ingredients in essential oils. Excerpts from the EFFA annexes are given in the annexes to this leaflet. Basically, pure essential oils are to be considered as substances, as they are listed in the EINECS directory (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Substances). Essential oils are classified according to the criteria of Directive 67/548 / EEC (substance directive). Often no toxicological data are available on essential oils. Based on Annex VI, paragraph of the Substances Directive, however, substances such as essential oils that contain individual components (such as limonene, eugenol, geraniol, etc.), according to the criteria of Directive 1999/45 / EC (preparation directive) due to the concentration of individual components are classified. Manufacturers of essential oils who are unable to determine the individual components of the pure oils can carry out the classification thanks to the maximum concentration of individual components of around 220 pure essential oils according to the EFFA guidelines. The resulting classifications of the pure essential oils are listed in Appendix 1 of this information sheet. 1 European Flavor & Frangrance Association, Code of Practice for the hazard classification and labeling of flavor and fragnance substances according to the UN-GHS, UNTGD, EU DSD and US OSHA regulations
3 Merkblatt D05_EU page 3 of 22 Ver / 2014 Classification of essential oil mixtures Oil mixtures are preparations and must therefore be classified according to the criteria of Directive 1999/45 / EC (Preparation Directive). For this, the concentrations of the individual components must be taken into account. Appendix 2 of this leaflet lists the maximum concentrations of the individual components of various essential oils as well as their classifications according to Appendix VI, Part 3 of the CLP Regulation and the classification proposals of the EFFA. If the contents of the constituents of an oil mixture have not been determined analytically, the classification can be carried out using the framework formulas of the EFFA guidelines. It should be noted, however, that the following hazards, which often occur with essential oils, cannot be calculated: Flammability (R-phrase R10) Aspiration hazard (R-phrase R65) These hazards can normally only be identified by determining the physico-chemical parameters of the product (Flash point, viscosity) can be determined. However, the classification of mixtures with R65 is not necessary if the sum of the substances with R65 in the mixture is less than 10%. Packaging of essential oils The packaging of essential oils must meet the requirements of the type of chemical ordinance. It should be noted in particular that the packaging of essential oils, which are marked as T, C or Xn with the R-phrase R65, and which are available to everyone, must be provided with child-proof closures. Packaging of essential oils, which are marked as T, C, Xn, F + or F, and which are available to everyone, must be provided with tactile hazard warnings. The technical details of the childproof locks and the tactile notices are described in Annex IX of Directive 67/548 / EEC. Child-proof closures according to SN EN ISO 8317 and tactile hazard warnings according to SN EN ISO (labeling of essential oils) According to the Chemicals Ordinance, the labeling of substances and preparations must include the following information: The name of the substance or preparation The name, address and telephone number of the Swiss manufacturer (Name, address and telephone number of a manufacturer from the EEA area are also possible for commercial and professional products) The hazard symbols and designations determined on the basis of the classification The corresponding R and S phrases The filling quantity, if it is a public product The EC -Number, if it is a substance The chemical name of the hazardous constituents, if it is a preparation (oil mixture). The name must correspond to an internationally recognized nomenclature. The labeling must be in at least two official languages or the language of the sales area formulated be. It must be firmly attached to the packaging and must be clearly visible, legible and durable. If the S-phrases cannot be attached to the packaging for technical reasons, they may be given as separate written information.
4 Merkblatt D05_EU page 4 of 22 Ver / 2014 For substances and preparations that are placed on the market in packaging of no more than 125 ml, according to Annex 1 of the Chemicals Ordinance, the information on certain R and S phrases is waived. Below 125 ml, the following information may be omitted: Classification substances preparations oxidising highly flammable R and S phrases R and S phrases flammable R and S phrases S phrases harmful to health R and S phrases (not for public products) - irritating R and S sentences R and S sentences (not with R41) dangerous for the environment with symbol N - R and S sentences dangerous for the environment without symbol N - S sentences The federal and cantonal authorities adhere to the information in the R and S -Sentences on environmental hazards not only for preparations, but also for substances for dispensable if the capacity is less than 125 ml. Examples Classification and labeling of a pure essential oil (using the example of orange oil) The oil is sold to a professional user (capacity: 500 ml): The classification is taken from Appendix 1 of this leaflet: Orange Oil EC No. Hazard symbols Xn and N R -Phrases R10, R38, R43, R50 / 53 and R65, S-phrases S24, S37, S61 and S62. The name in German or in French can be found in ESIS: Orange, süss, Extrakt, Oranger doux, extraits (see Appendix 1). Easier labeling is not possible due to the capacity. Orange fragrance Essential oil Parfum à l orange Huile essential Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. Irritates the skin. Sensitization possible through skin contact. Flammable. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, can have long-term harmful effects in the aquatic environment. Harmful Nocif Do not induce vomiting if swallowed. Get medical advice immediately and show the packaging or this label. Avoid skin contact. Wear suitable protective gloves. Avoid release to the environment. Obtain special instructions / consult safety data sheet. Nocif: peut provoquer une atteinte des poumons en cas d ingestion. Irritant pour la peau. Peut entraîner and sensitization by contact avec la peau. Inflammable. Très toxique pour les organismes aquatiques, peut entraîner des effets néfastes à long terme pour l environnement aquatique. Dangerous for the environment Dangereux pour l environnement En cas d ingestion, ne pas faire vomir. Consulter immédiatement un médecin et lui montrer l emballage ou l étiquette. Eviter le contact avec la peau. Porter des gants appropriés. Eviter le rejet dans l environnement. Consultant les instructions spéciales / la fiche de données de sécurité. Contains: Orange, sweet, extract Contient: Oranger doux, extraits EG-Nr. Duftfabrik AG, Lavoisierstrasse 1, 4000 Basel,
5 Merkblatt D05_EU Page 5 of 22 Ver / 2014 Classification, labeling and packaging of an essential oil mixture The oil is a mixture of bergamot and lemon oil (50-50%) and is sold to the general public (capacity: 50 ml): The concentrations the ingredients are taken from Appendix 2 of this leaflet: Bergamot oil contains 45% limonene, 15% linalool and 5% pinene; Lemon oil contains 75% lime, 15% pinene and 5% citral. The mixture therefore contains 60% limonene, 10% pinene, 7.5% linalool and 2.5% citral. Based on the classifications of these four components (see Appendix 2), the classification can be calculated according to the criteria of the Preparations Directive. This results in the following classification for the oil mixture: Xi, R38, R43; N R50 / 53. Since both bergamot and lemon oil are classified as R10 and Xn with the risk phrase R65 (see Appendix 1), these properties should be taken into account in the classification. The components that led to the classification R43 (sensitizing) must be declared on the label in accordance with Annex I, Number 4 of the Chemicals Ordinance: They are limonene, pine and citral. Pure essential oils can also be regarded as substances and declared accordingly. In this case, however, the names must be used as they are listed in EINECS. The S-phrases should be selected according to the criteria of Annex VI of the Substance Directive. According to Annex 1 number 3.3, the S-phrases S2 and S46 are necessary due to the dangers of the preparation. The R and S phrases on the irritating and environmentally hazardous properties may be omitted in accordance with Annex 1 of the ChemV. These are the R-phrases R38 and R50 / 53 and the corresponding S-phrases. Since the oil is marked as Xn with the R-phrase R65, the packaging must be provided with a child-proof closure and a tactile warning. Spring scent Mixture of essential oils Mélange d huiles essentielles 50 ml Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. Sensitization possible through skin contact. Flammable. Harmful Nocif Keep out of the reach of children. Do not induce vomiting if swallowed. Get medical advice immediately and show the packaging or this label. Avoid skin contact. Nocif: peut provoquer une atteinte des poumons en cas d ingestion. Peut entraîner une sensitization by contact avec la peau. Inflammable. Dangerous for the environment Dangereux pour l environnement Conserver hors de portée des enfants. En cas d ingestion, ne pas faire vomir. Consulter immédiatement un médecin et lui montrer l emballage ou l étiquette. Eviter le contact avec la peau. Contains: limes, pinene, citral. Contient: Limonène, Pinène, Citral. Duftfabrik AG, Lavoisierstrasse 1, 4000 Basel,
6 Leaflet D05_EU Page 6 of 22 Ver / 2014 Further information and leaflets Information on the labeling of essential oils according to GHS / CLP can be found in the leaflet D05_GHS. Further information sheets on various topics of chemicals law can be found at or from your cantonal chemicals office. For more information on chemicals law, see also the information on the new labeling system (GHS / CLP) on the website Appendices 1. Classification, hazard symbols, R and S phrases of pure essential oils 2. Typical composition of important essential oils 3. Classification of various Ingredients of essential oils 4. Most important requirements for the label and packaging of essential oils
7 Merkblatt D05_EU Page 7 of 22 Ver / 2014 Appendix 1: Classification, hazard symbols, R and S phrases of pure essential oils The following table was taken from the EFFA Code of Practice 2011 (Attachment V). With regard to the S-phrases, the following comments should be taken into account: For essential oils which are available to everyone and which are marked with the hazard symbols T or C, the S-phrases S1 / 2 and S45 must be present on the label. For essential oils with other hazard symbols that are available to everyone, the S phrases S2 and S46 must be present on the label. The standard S-phrase 61 (Avoid release to the environment. Obtain special instructions / consult safety data sheet), assigned as standard in the EFFA guidelines, is suitable for professional consumers.Other environmentally relevant safety instructions such as S60 are usually not assigned to these addressees (the SDS contains information on disposal in Section 13). An S-phrase about the disposal of the oil and its packaging is not necessary for public products sold in small packs. If no S-phrases are suggested in the table, the S-phrases must be selected according to the criteria of Annex VI of Directive 67/548 / EEC. Translations of the English oil names can be found on ESIS (European chemical Substances Information System -. You can search for the oils by their EC number. Name EC number Agarwood Not classified R-phrases S-phrases Ajowan oil C + NR / 53 -65 S / 37 / Almond oil, bitter Xn R22 S24 Almond oil, sweet Not classified Ambrette oil and abs Xi R43 S24-37 Amyris oil, see footnote Not classified Angelica root oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Angelica seed oil Xn + NR / S Anise seed oil (Pimpinella anisum) Xn + NR / 53-68 S24-36 / 37-61 Anise, star oil (Illicium verum) Apricot kernel oil Not classified Armoise oil (Artemisia alba) Xn + NR / / 22 S24-36 / Armoise oil (Artemisia vulgaris) Xn + N R10-20 / / / 22 S24-36 / Artemesia annua extract Xn R43-52 / 53-68 / 22 S24-37 Artemisia herba alba extract Xn + NR / 53 S Artemisia oil (Absinthium oil, Wormwood oil - thujone type) Xn R22-52 / 53 Asafoetida oil Xn R S24-37 Basil oil (estragol type) Xn R / 53-68 S24-36 / 37 Basil oil (linalool type) Xi R / 53 S24-37 Bay oil, see f ootnote 3b Xn + N R / S / Beechwood creosote T Beeswax absolute Not classified Benzoin Siam. resinoid Not classified Benzoin Siam. resinoid Not classified Benzoin Sum. resinoid Not classified Benzoin Sum. resinoid Not classified Bergamot oil (C. bergamia melarossa) Hazard symbols R23 / 24 / / 20/21 / / Xn + NR / 53-65 S Bergamot oil (C. bergamia) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Birch sweet oil Xn R22 Birch tar oil (Betula pendula Roth), see footnote 3c Bitter orange oil Not classified S24 / / 37 / Boldo oil, see footnote 3b and 3c T + NR / 53-65 S24-36 / Boronia oil, see footnote (5) R52 / 53 Bran absolute, footnote 3a and 3c Xi R43 S24-37
8 Leaflet D05_EU Page 8 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name EC no. Broom absolute (Genet extract) Xn R20 Bucchu betulina oil, see footnote (3b) R-phrases S-phrases Xn + NR / 53-65 S Bucchu crenulata oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Cabreuva oil Xi + N R43-50 / 53 S Cade oil Xn + N R50 / 53-65 S61-62 Cade oil (Steam Dist.) Xn R65 S62 Cajuput oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Calamus oil, see footnote (3b) Xn R22-52 / 53 Calendula extract Not classified Camphor oil white (C. camphora formosana) Xn + N Camphor oil white, generic Xn + N Canada balsam Hazard symbols R / 53-65, SR / 53-65, S Cananga oil Xn + N R43-51 / 53 -65 S Capsicum oleoresin (C. annuum annuum, longum group, cayenne), see footnote (2) Capsicum oleoresin (C.annuum), see footnote (2) Capsicum oleoresin (C.cat 2), (muta.cat 3) Cistus oil (Labdanum oil) Cistus oil (Labdanum oil, C. ladaniferus) Citronella oil, Ceylon type, see footnote 3b (dermal) Citronella oil, Java type, see footnote 3b (dermal) R52 / Xn + NR / 53-65 S. Xn + NR / 53-65 S Xn + N R21 / / 53-65 S24-36 / Xn R / 53 S24-36 / Xn R S24-36 / TR / 53-68 S Xn + NR / S / Xi + NR / 53 S Citrus terpenes (low peroxides) Xn + N R / 53-65 S
9 Leaflet D05_EU Page 9 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name EC no. alba) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Fir needle oil, Austrian (P. Abies) Xn + N R10-36 / / 53-65 S Fir / Pine needle oil (A. Siberica) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Flouve Xn + N R22-51 / 53 S61 Fusel oil, see footnote (3b), oral Xn R10-20 / S46 Galangal oil Xn + N R43-51 / 53-65 S Galbanum extract, see footnote (3b) and (5 ) Xn + NR / 53 S Galbanum oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Galbanum oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Garlic oil Xn R / 53-65 S Geranium oil Afr Xn + NR / 53-65 S Geranium oil Bourbon Xn + NR / 53-65 S Geranium oil China Xn + NR / 53-65 S Ginger oil Xn R43-52 / 53-65 S Ginger oleoresin, see footnote (3c) and (5) Xi R36 / 38 S26 Gingergrass oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Grapefruit oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Grapefruit terpenes Xn + NR / 53-65 S Guaiacwood oil, see footnote (3c) Not classified
10 Leaflet D05_EU Page 10 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name Gurjun balsam extract, see footnote (3c) EC no. Hazard symbols R-phrases Xn R65 S62 Gurjun balsam oil Xn R65 S62 Hay (foin) absolute, see footnote (3c) Helichrysum absolute, see footnote (3c) and (5) S-phrases Xi R43 S Xi + NR / 53 S Helichrysum oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Hibawood oil, see footnote (3c) Xn R65 S62 Ho oil (shui) Xi R38 Hop oil Xn R10-52 / 53-65 S62 Horseradish oil T + N R10-23 / 24 / 25- 36/37 / 38-50 / 53 S26-28 water-36 / Hyacinth absolute, see footnote (5) Xi R / 53-68 S24-36 / 37 Hydrocarbons, terpene processing by-products Xn + NR / 53-65, S Hyssop oil, see footnote (3b) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Jambu oleoresin, see footnote (3c) Xn R20 Jasmin absolute (J. grandiflorum), see footnote (3a) Jasmin absolute (J. officinale), see footnote (3a) Jasmin absolute (J. sambac), see footnote (3a) Xi + NR / 53 S Xi + NR / 53 S Xi + NR / 53 S Juniperberry oil Xn + NR / S Juniperus phoenicea oil (Savin oil) Juniperwood oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Karo karounde abs., See footnote (3b), oral T R23 S28-45 Labdanum oil (Cistus oil) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Labdanum oil (Cistus oil, C. ladanife rus) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Labdanum resinoid Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Laurel leaf (Sweet bay) oil Xn + NR / S24-36 / Lavandin absolute Xi R / 53 S24-37 Lavandin oil abrialis, see footnote (3a) Lavandin oil generic, see footnote (3a) Lavandin oil grosso, see footnote (3a) Lavender absolute, (L. nec. ang., L. officinalis) Xi R43-51 / 53-66 S Xi R43-51 / 53-66 S Xi R43-51 / 53-66 S Xi R38-43 S24-37 Lavender absolute, (L. angustifolia) Xi R38-43 S24-37 Lavender absolute, (L. spica) Xi R38-43 S24-37 Lavender oil, (L. ang. Ang., L. officinalis) Xn R38-51 / 53-65 S61-62 Lavender oil, (L. angustifolia) Xn R38-51 / 53-65 S61-62 Lavender oil, (L. spica) Xn R38-51 / 53-65 S61-62 Lavender spike oil (L. latifolia) Xn + NR / 53-68 / 22 S24-36 / 37-61 Lavender stoechas oil Xn R43-68 / 22-52 / 53 S24-36 / 37 Leek oil R10 Lemon oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Lemon terpenes Xn + NR / 53-65 S Lemongrass oil, East Indian Xi + N R36 / / 53 S Lemongrass oil, West Indian Xi + N R36 / / 53 S Lemongrass terpenes, East Indian Xn + N R10-36 / / 53-65 S Lime oil distilled (Citrus aurantifolia) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Lime oil expressed (C. aurantifolia) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Lime oil expressed (C. medica acida) Lime oxide (1,6-octadien-3-ol, 3,7- dimethyl-, acid-isomerized) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Xn + NR / 53-65 S Lime terpenes Xn + NR / 53-65 S Linaloe wood oil Xi R / 53 S24-37 L itsea cubeba oil Xn + N R / 53-65 S Lovage oil Xn R / S24-36 / 37-62 Mace oil (carc.cat 2), (muta.cat 3), see footnote (3b) T + N R / S
11 Leaflet D05_EU Page 11 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name EC no. Hazard symbols R-phrases S-phrases Mandarin oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Mandarin terpenes Xn + NR / 53-65 S Marjoram oil Spanish, see footnote (3c) Xn + N R10-36 / / 53-65 S Marjoram oil Sweet Xn + N R10-36 / / 53-65 S Massoia oil Xi R / 53 S24-37 Mastic oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Mate abs, see footnote (5) R52 / 53 Melissa oil (Lemon balm) Xi R36 / / 53 S Mentha arvensis oil (Cornmint) Mentha citrata oil Xi R / 53 S Milfoil oil (Yarrow) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Mimosa absolute, see footnote (5) Not classified Mimosa absolute, see footnote (5) Not classified Mint terpenes ex M. arvensis Xn + NR / 53-65 S Murcor oil Mustard oils T + N R10-23 / 24 / 25-36 / 37 / 38-50 / 53 S26-28 (water) -36 / Myrrh oil (C. erytraea), see footnote 3 (b) and (5) Myrrh oil (C. myrrha), see footnote 3 (b) and (5) Xn R Xn R22 Myrrh oil, see footnote 3 (b) and ( 5) Xn R22 Myrrh oleoresin Not classified Myrtle oil, see footnote (3b) Xn + NR / S24-36 / Neroli oil, footnote (3b) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Niaouli oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Nutmeg oil, (carc.cat 2), (muta.cat 3), see footnote (3 b) Oakmoss absolute, see footnote (3a) and (3b) Ocotea cymbarum oil (carc.cat 2), (muta.cat 3) T + NR / S Xi R 43 STR S45-53 Olibanum oil Xn + NR / 53- 65 S Olibanum oil (C. carterii) Xn + N R / 53-65 S Olibanum oil (C.
12 Leaflet D05_EU Page 12 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name EC no. Hazard symbols R-phrases S-phrases Pepper oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Pepper oleoresin (40% piperine), footnote (3c) and (5) T + N R25-36 / / 53 S / Peppermint oil (Mentha piperita) Xi + NR / 53 S Peppermint oil (Peppermint American, Mentha piperita) Xi + NR / 53 S Perilla oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Peru Balsam oil, see footnote (3a) Xn + NR / 53 S Peru Balsam resinoid Xn + NR / 53 S24-37 Petitgrain Bergamot oil Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Petitgrain bigarade oil Xi + NR / 53-65 S Petitgrain Lemon oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Petitgrain Mandarin oil Xn + NR / 53- 65 S Petitgrain Paraguay oil Xi + NR / 53 S Petitgrain terpenes Xi + NR / 53-65 S Pimenta leaf oil Xn R / S24-36 / 37-62 Pimento berry oil (Allspice oil) Xi R / 53-68 S24-36 / 37-61 Pine oil, Chinese, Yarmor (P. palustris) Pine / Fir needle oil (A. Siberica) Xi R / 53-68 S24-36 / 37 Pinus cembra (Swiss stone) Xn + NR / 53-65 S. Pinus maritime oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Pinus nigra oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Pinus pinaster oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Pinus pumilionis oil (dwarf) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Pinus sylvestris oil (P cots pine, Norwegian pine) Xn + N R / 53-65 S Ravensara oil Xn + N R / 53-65 S Rhodinol Xi + N R / 53 S Rhodinol Xi + N R / 53 S Rhodinol (sapon. Geranium oil) Xi + NR / 53 S Rose absolute, see footnote (3b) Xi R / 53-68 S / 37-39 Rose oils, Bulg./Turk Xi + NR / 53-68 S Rose oils, Chin./Mar Xi + NR / 53-68 S) Rosemary oil N. Afr Xn + NR / / 22 S Rosemary oil Spanish Xn + NR / / 22 S Rosewood oil Xi R / 53 S24-37 Rue oil Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Rum ether F + Xn RS Sage oil Dalmatian, (Salvia officinalis) Sage oil, Spanish (Salvia lavandifolia) Xn + NR / / 53-65 S24-36 /) Xn + NR / / 53-65 S24-36 / Sandalwood oil Australian Xi R43 S24-37 Sandalwood oil East Indian Not classified Santolina oil Xn R / 53-65 S Sassafras oil (carc.cat 2), (muta.cat 3), see footnote (3c) TR S45-53 Savin oil (Juniperus phoenicea) Xn + NR / 53-65 S savory oil (Satureja hortensis, summer variety), see footnote (3b), dermal savory oil (Satureja montana, winter variety) T + NR / / 53-65 S / Xn + NR / / 53-65 S Schinus molle oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Snakeroot oil Xn + NR / 53-68 S24-36 / 37-61 Spearmint oil 60% Xn + NR / 53-65 S Spearmint oil 80% Xi R43 -52/53 S24-37 Spearmint oil USA Xn + NR / 53-65 S Spike lavender oil (L. latifolia) Spikenard oil (Jatamansi) Xn R65 S62 Spruce oil Xn + NR / 53-65, S Star anise oil (Illicium verum) Xn + NR / 53-68 S24-36 / 37-61 Styrax extracts, see footnote (3b) Xi R43 S24-37 Styrax extracts, see footnote (3b) Xi R43 S24-37 Styrax oil, footnote (3b) and (3c) Xi R43 S24-37
13 Leaflet D05_EU Page 13 of 22 Ver / 2014 Name Tagetes oil, see footnote (3b) and (3c) EC no. Hazard symbols Tamarind extr Not classified Tangelo oil R-phrases S-phrases Xn + NR / 53-65 S Tangerine oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Tangor oil, see Tansy oil Xn + NR / 53 S61 Tarragon oil (Estragon oil) Tea tree oil, see fotnote (3c) Xn + NR / 53-65 S Terpenes and Terpenoids, limonene fraction Terpenes and terpenoids, turpentine-oil, limonene fraction Xn + NR / 53-65 S) Xn + NR / 53-65 S) Thyme oil (red or white) C + NR / 53-65 S / 37 / Thyme oil wild C + NR / 53-65 S / 37 / Tobacco extract, see footnote (2) T + R / 53 S36 / 37-45 Tolu resinoid Xn + NR / 53 S Tonka bean absolute, see footnote 3 (b), dermal Treemoss (E. furfurac.) see footnote (3a) Treemoss (U. barbata) see footnote (3a) Xn R21 / 22-43 S Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Tuberose concrete Xn R22-43 S24-37 Turmeric Xn R43-52 / 53-65 S Turpentine oil Xn + N R10-20 / 21 / 22-36 / / 53-65 S2-36 / Valerian oil Xn + N R43-51 / 53-65 S Vanilla extract (Vanilla spp.), Footnote (3c) Vanilla pompona, ext., Footnote (3c) Vanilla tahitensis, ext., footnote (3c) Xi R43 S Xi R43 S Xi R43 S24-37 Vanilla tincture, footnote (3c) Xi R43 S24-37 Verbena absolute Xi + N R43-51 / 53 S Verbena oil Xn + NR / 53-65 S Vetiver oil, see footnote (5) Xi R36 / 38- 43 S Violet leaf absolute Not classified Wintergreen oil Xn R22-66 Yarrow oil (milfoil) Ylang ylang oil extra Xn R / 53-65 S Ylang ylang oil extra super Xn R / 53-65 S Ylang ylang oil I Xn R / 53- 65 S Ylang ylang oil II Xn R43-52 / 53-65 S Ylang ylang oil III Xn R43-52 / 53-65 S Yuzu oil (Citrus junos) na Xn + NR / 53-65 S Zdravetz oil Xn R65 S62 Footnotes: (1) Translations of the English terms can be found on ESIS (European chemical Substances Information System -). The oils can be searched for by their EC number. (2) There are extracts with different levels of capsaicin or nicotine and therefore possibly different classifications. The classification listed here relates to 10% in each case. (3a) The classification as sensitizing for the skin is based on test results. (3b) The acute toxicity classification is based on test results. (3c) The classification with regard to irritation relates to test results. (4) The classification with regard to the environmental hazard may change, as appropriate tests are still being carried out for this substance. (5) The classification as dangerous for aspiration (Xn; R65) does not apply because the substance is viscous. In a mixture, however, the substance contributes to the total amount of hydrocarbons.
14 Merkblatt D05_EU Page 14 of 22 Ver / 2014 Appendix 2: Percentages of the various components of essential oils The following table was taken from the EFFA Code of Practice 2008, Version 2 (Attachment III). The percentages of the various constituents of essential oils are listed. The classifications of these individual components are listed in a separate table. Essential Oil Ingredients% Essential Oil Ingredients% Thymol 45 Birch, sweet Methyl salicylate 95 p-cymene 20 p-cymene 30 Ajwain Carvacrol 5 Limonene 2 Boldo Limonene 5 Camphor 1 Pinenes 5 Linalool 1 Almond (bitter) Benzaldehyde 100 b-ionone 5 Ambrette Farnesol 5 Benzyl nitrile 0.2 Broom abs Linalool 1 Linalool 10 Pinenes 30 1-Octen-3-ol 3 Angelica root 3-Carene 15 Menthones 20 Limonene 15 Bucchu betulina Limonene 15 p-cymene 5 Pulegones 7 Angelica seed Pinenes 5 Pulegones 50 Limonene 2 Bucchu crenulata Limonene 15 Anethole 90 Menthones 10 Aniseed Estragole 5 Nerolidol 85 Cabreuva Limonene 2 Farnesol 3 Pinenes 0.3 Cresols 2.5 Thujones 65 Guaiacol 1.5 Cade, crude Camphor 15 Phenol 0.7 Armoise (A. alba) Camphene 3 a-cedrene 15 Cinnamic ald 1 Cade, rectfied a -cedrene 15 p-cymene 1 a-terpineol 4 Citronellol 0.2 Cajeput Limonene 4 Methyl eugenol 0.1 Linalool 4 Armoise (A. vulgar.) Thujones 50 Limonene 0.5 Camphor 30 Calamus Camphor 2 Pinenes 3 Linalool 2 Limonene 2 Limonene 25 Geranio l 0.2 Camphor, white Pinenes 15 Camphor 0.1 Camphor 1 Artemisia Limonene <1 Benzyl benzoate 5 Thujones 60 Benzyl salicylate 3 Linalool 4 Linalool 3 Thujones 70 Methyl benzoate 3 Camphor 7 Cananga Farnesol 2 Artemisia, herba alba extr. Camphene 4 p-cresyl meth. eth 2 Linalool 2 a-cedrene 1 Limonene 3 Geraniol 1 Methyl eugenol <1 Methyl eugenol 1 Linalool 60 Carvone 50 Caraway Basil, linal. type Eugenol 15 Limonene 45 Camphor 1 Citral 0.6 Pinenes 1 Farnesol 0.1 Limonene <1 a-terpineol 5 Basil, me chav type Estragole 85 Limonene 4 Cardamon Methyl eugenol 5 Linalool 4 Linalool 1 Pinenes 2 p-cymene 0.9 Geraniol 1 Geraniol 0.2 Nerolidol 1 Eugenol 55 Benzyl benzoate 15 Bay Limonene 4 Eugenol 15 Carnation abs Linalool 3 Benzyl salicylate 4 Methyl eugenol 2 Linalool 2 1-Octen-3-ol 1 Pinenes 20 Citral 1 Limonene 3 Carrot seed Benzoin Sumatra Benzoic acid 15 Geraniol 2 Benzoin Siam Benzoic acid 1 Linalool 2 Limonene 45 Limonene 5 Cascarilla Bergamot Linalool 15 Linalool 5 Pinenes 5
15 Leaflet D05_EU Page 15 of 22 Ver / 2014 Essential Oil Components% Essential Oil Components% Benzaldehyde 1.5 Linalool 70 Styrene 0.1 Pinenes 7 Cassia Cinnamic ald 80 Camphor 5 Coriander seed Coumarin 4 Limonene 3 Cinnamic alcohol 1 Geraniol 2 Linalool 20 p-cymene 2 Cassie abs (Acacia) Benzyl alcohol 8 Pinenes 60 Geraniol 5 Cypress (France) 3-Carene 20 Methyl salicylate 5 Limonene 2 Cassis abs (Black currant) Pinenes 0.3 Pinenes 15 Limonene Carene 14 Thujones 60 Cypress (Portugal) Limonene 6 Cedarleaf Camphor 3 Camphor 2 Limonene 2 Linalool 1 Pinenes 2 Davana Linalool 1 Cedarwood Atlas Longifolene 0.6 Deertongue leaf abs Coumarin 25 Cedarwood Chin a-cedrene 25 Carvone 50 Cedarwood Himal. Longifolene 0.8 Limonene 40 Dill seed Cedarwood terpenes (Tex) a-cedrene 40 p-cymene 1 Cedarwood Tex / Mex a-cedrene 15 Linalool 0.5 Cedarwood Virg a-cedrene 25 Carvone 30 Celery seed Limonene 80 Limonene 25 Dill weed Butylidene phtalide 3 p- cymene 3 Chamomile, blue Limonene 0.5 Linalool 0.5 Chamomile, Maroc Pinenes 15 Elemi Limonene 70 Limonene 1 Pinenes 8 Chamomile, Roman Limonene 5 Eriocephalus Terpinen-4-ol 2 Chenopodium Limonene 20 Limonene 1 p-cymene 10 Citronellal 80 Cinnamic ald 75 Eugen Citronellol 7 6 Euc. Citriodora Isopulegol 6 Cinnamon bark Linalool 6 Pinenes 3 Benzyl benzoate 2 Limonene 1 Limonene 1 Pinenes 10 Euc. Globulus Eugenol 85 Limonene 8 Linalool 4 p-cymene 5 Cinnamon leaf Benzyl benzoate 3 Eucalyptus dives Pinenes 5 Cinnamic ald 3 Limonene 1 Safrole 2 a-terpineol 10 Cistus Pinenes 40 Limonene 7 Limonene 1 Eucalyptus radiata Pinenes 5 Geraniol 25 Terpinen-4 Citronellal 15 p-cymene 1 Citronella Ceylon Limonene 10 Anethole 25 Citronellol 9 Limonene 25 Methyl eugenol 2 Pinenes 10 Fennel, bitter Linalool 1 Estragole 3 Citronellal 35 p-cymene 2 Geraniol 25 3-Carene 1 Citronella Java Citronellol 15 Anethole 70 Limonene 5 Pinenes 5 Farnesol 1 Limonene 4 Fennel, sweet Linalool 1 Estragole 2 Citrus terpenes Limonene 95 3-Carene 1 Linalool 20 p-cymene 1 Clary sage Geraniol 2 Fir balsam Pinenes 20 Limonene 1 Longifolene 0.5 Clove bud Methyl eugenol 0.1 Fir needle, Austrian (Picea Camphene 20 Eugenol 85 abies) Limonene 20 Clove leaf Eugenol 85 Pinenes 20 Clove stem Eugenol 80 Limonene 35 2-Decenal 30 Fir needle, silver (Abies Pinenes 35 Linalool 30 alba) Longifolene 0.5 Decanal 15 Camphene 15 Oc tanal 5 Pinenes 20 Coriander leaf / herb 2-Dodecenal 3 3-Carene 10 Fir / Pine needle, Sib. (A. Pinenes 3 Limonene 9 sibirica) Camphor 1 Longifolene 0.5 Geraniol 1 Camphene 20 Limonene 1
16 Leaflet D05_EU Page 16 of 22 Ver / 2014 Essential Oil Ingredients% Essential Oil Ingredients% Flouve Coumarin 0.8 Pinenes 15 Benzyl benzoate 60 Limonene 5 Fusel Amyl alcohols 95 p-cymene 4 Pinenes 10 Juniper wood Terpinen-4-ol 5 Galangal Limonene 2 a -terpinene 2 a-terpineol 1 terpinolene 2 terpinen-4-ol 1 a-cedrene 2 a-cedrene 0.15 Karo karunda abs Benzyl nitrile 5 Pinenes 70 Pinenes 40 Galbanum 3-Carene 15 Labdanum Limonene 4 Limonene 3 Geraniol 1 Undecatriene 1 Pinenes 6 Labdanum resinoid Undecatriene 0.2 Limonene 2 Galbanum resinoid Pinenes 20 Linalool 10 Garlic Allyl disulphide 30 Pinenes 6 Allyl trisulfide 30 Laurel (Sweet Bay) Limonene 4 Citronellol 25 Methyl eugenol 3 Geraniol 20 Eugenol 1 Linalool 10 Limonene <1 Geranium, Bourbon Minalool 40 Lavalandin 40 Lavalandones 2 Camphor 8 Pinenes 2 Geraniol <1 Limonene 1 Limonene <1 Lavandin abs Citronellol 40 Linalool 25 Geraniol 10 Coumarin 3 Menthones 7 Limonene <1 Geranium, Chin. Linalool 4 Lavender Linalool 40 Citral 1 Terpinen-4-ol 4 Limonene 1 Limonene 0.2 Pinenes 1 Geraniol <1 Lavender abs Citronellol 35 Linalool 25 Geraniol 15 Coumarin 5 Menthones 10 Camphor 15 Geranium, N. Afr. Linalool 8 Lavender stoechas Pinenes 1 Citral 2 Camphene 1 Limonene 1 Limonene 75 Pinenes 1 Lemon Pinenes 15 Ginger Limonene 2 Citral 5 Gingergrass Limonene 30 Limonene 75 Lemon terpenes Carvone 4 Pinenes 15 Grapefruit Limonene 95 Citral 80 Grapefruit terpenes Limonene 95 lemongrass 8 Limonene 4 Helichrysum abs Limonene 5 Limonene 40 Lemongrass terpenes Pinenes 5 Camphene 10 Pinenes 22 Limonene 55 Helichrysum Limonene 1 Lime terpenes Pinenes 10 Linalool 1 p-cymene 3 Ho Linalool 90 Limonene 50 Hop Limonene 1 a-terpineol 7 Horseradish Phenocyan.et. 50 Lime, dist Pinenes 5 Allyl isothiocyan 45 p-cymene 3 Phenyl ethyl alc 12 Citral 1 Benzyl benzoate 3 a-terpineol <1 Cinnamic ald 3 p-cymene <1 Hyacinth absolute Lime Benzyl alcohol 2 Limonene 45 Lime, expr. Eugenol 2 Pinenes 25 Methyl eugenol 2 Citral 5 Pinenes 10 Limonene 0.3 Hyssop Limonene 4 Linalool 30 Linaloe wood Jambu oleoresin Benzyl nitrile <1 a-terpineol 8 Isophytol 10 Geraniol 1 Jasmine absolute Phytol 20 Citral 80 Linalool 3 Limonene 15 Litsea cubebe Pinenes 40 Citronellolol 2 Juniper berry Limonene 10 Geraniol 1 Terpinen-4-ol 5
17 Leaflet D05_EU Page 17 of 22 Ver / 2014 Essential Oil Ingredients% Essential Oil Ingredients% Carvacrol 3 Pinenes 35 Linalool 3 Limonene 4 Lovage Pinenes 2 Terpinen-4-ol 5 a-terpineol 1 Nutmeg a-terpinene 3 Methyl eugenol 1 3-Carene 1 Thymol 1 Safrole 2 Limonene 4 Isoeugenol 1 Mace Safrole 2 Ocotea cymbarum Safrole 95 Eugenol 1 Pinenes 30 Olibanum Limonene 75 Limonene 20 Mandarin Pinenes 5 Benzyl nitrile 0.8 Mandarin terpenes Limonene 75 Linalool 60 Pinenes 5 Geraniol 8 Linalool 25 Farnesol 7 terpenes 25 Orange flower abs Nerolidol 4 Marjoram sweet Limonene 5 Indole 2 Thymol 5 Methyl anthranilate 2 Carvacrol 1 a-terpineol 1 Linalool 30 Limonene 1 Marjoram, wild (Sp) Limonene 6 Orange terpenes Limonene 95 Camphor 2 Orange, sweet / bitter Limonene 95 Terpinen- 4-ol 1 Carvacrol 75 Massoia Benzyl benzoate 5 Linalool 15 Origanum Limonene <1 Limonene 1 Mastic Pinenes 20 Thymol 1 Mate abs Limonene <1 Orris concrete Ionones 2 Terpinen-4-ol 1 Ionones 35 Citral 60 Dihydro-b-ionone 15 Geraniol 5 Osmanthus abs Linalool oxide 15 Melissa (lem. balm) Citronellal 3 Linalool 4 Citronellol 3 Geraniol 2 Isopulegol 2 Geraniol 80 Linalool 1 Linalool 4 Palmarosa Menthols 50 Citral 1 Menthones 35 Limonene 1 Mentha arvensis Limonene 7 Pinenes 10 Parsleys Menthyl acetate 4 Limonene 5 Pulegones 3 Pinenes 9 Limonene oil 50 Pemouene oil citrata Geraniol 1 Carvone 3 Limonene 1 Pulegones 90 Pinenes 20 Limonene 1 Pennyroyal Camphor 8 Menthones 1 Milfoil Terpinen-4-ol 3 Pinenes 1 Limonene 2 Pinenes 35 Pepper Limonene 50 Limonene 25 Mint terpenes (M. arv.) Pinenes 30 Piperine 40 Menthones 1 Pepper oleoresin Pinenes 8 Mustard Allyl isothiocyan 95 Limonene 5 Myrrh p-cymene 2 Menthols 50 a-cedrene 0.2 Menthones 30 Pinenes 20 Menthofuran 5 Peppermint Limonene 10 Menthyl acetate 5 a-terpineol 4 Limonene 2 Myrtle geraniol 2 Pulegones 2 Linalydeool 75 Perilla oil Camphor 1 Limonene 15 Methyl eugenol 1 Benzyl benzoate 75 p-cymene 1 Benzyl cinnamate 9 Peru balsam oil Linalool 35 Benzyl alcohol 5 Limonene 15 Nerolidol 4 Pinene es 10 Benzyl cinnamate 5 Neroli Farnesol 4 Benzyl alcohol 3 Peru balsam resinoid a-terpineol 3 Benzyl benzoate 45 Geraniol 3 Nerolidol 2 a-terpineol 20 Linalool 10 Niaouli Pinenes 7 Geraniol 4 Limonene 3 Petit grain, bergamot Limonene 3 p-cymene 2 Pinenes 2 Citral 1
18 Leaflet D05_EU Page 18 of 22 Ver / 2014 Essential oil components% Essential oil components% Petit grain, lemon Petit grain, mandarin Petit grain, orange Petit grain, Paraguay Pimento berry Pimento leaf pine, Chinese pine, dwarf (P. mugo, P . Monta.) Pine, maritime (P. mar, P. Pinaster) Pine, nigra Pine, Swiss stone (P. cembra) Pine, Sylvestris. (P. sylvestris) Pine, Yarmor Ravansara oil Rhodinol Rose absolute Limonene 40 Citronellol 30 Citral 20 Geraniol 20 Geraniol 4 Methyl eugenol 3 Linalool 2 Citronellal 2 Pinenes 20 Rose, Bulg Eugenol 2 Limonene 10 Linalool 2 Linalool 30 Citral 1 Limonene 6 Phenyl ethyl alc 1 geraniol 4 pinenes 1 linalool 30 citronellol 30 a-terpineol 5 geraniol 20 geraniol 5 rose, china citral 2 pinenes 4 eugenol 2 limonene 2 linalool 1 citral 1 phenyl ethyl alc 3 eugenol 80 citronellol 35 methyl eugenol 5 geraniol 20 a-terpineol 2 rose , Maroc Citral 1 Limonene 1 Eugenol 1 p-cymene 1 Linalool 1 Eugenol 80 Methyl eugenol 1 Methyl eugenol 5 Citronellol 40 a-terpineol 1 Geraniol 15 Terpinolene 1 Citral 3 a-terpineol 45 Phenyl ethyl alc 3 Rose, Turkey Limonene 10 Methyl eugenol 2 Pinenes 10 Pinenes 2 Camphene 2 Eugenol 1 a-cedrene 2 Linalool 1 3-Carene 1 Pinenes 11 p-cymene 1 Camphor 10 Pinenes 40 Camphene 4 Rosemary, N. Afr. Limonene 10 Limonene 3 p-cymene 2 a-terpineol 2 Pinenes 75 Linalool 1 3-Carene 6 Pinenes 30 Limonene 6 Camphor 20 Longifolene 3 Camphene 6 Rosemary, Spanish Pinenes 85 Limonene 6 Limonene 5 a-terpineol 2 Camphene 3 Linalool 1 Limonene 10 Linalool 90 p-cymene 2 Benzyl benzoate 2 Rosewood Pinenes 45 Geraniol 1 Limonene 10 Limonene 1 Pinenes 60 Rue oil Limonene 5 Camphene 5 Thujones 40 Longifolene 3 Camphor 20 a-terpineol 55 Sage, Dalm Linalool 7 Camphor 3 Limonene 5 Longifolene 0.1 Pinenes 3 Estragole 3 Camphor 30 Limonene 5 Pinenes 20 p-cymene 3 Linalool 9 Sage, Spanish Pinenes 2 Camphene 8 Citronellol 70 Limonene 5 Geraniol 20 Thujones 3 Linalool 5 Sandalwood Aus. Farnesol 10 Farnesol 5 Camphor 2 Santolina (Cotton lav.) Citronellol 3 Limonene 2 Phenyl ethyl alc 35 Sassafras Safrole 95 Geraniol 2 Limonene 2 Eugenol 1 Savin Pinenes 2 Linalool 1 Thujones 1 Methyl eugenol 1
19 Leaflet D05_EU Page 19 of 22 Ver / 2014 Essential oil components% Essential oil components% Carvacrol 60 Methyl benzoate 50 Savory, summer p-cymene 15 Methyl salicylate 10 Thymol 5 Tuberose abs Indole 2 Pinenes 2 Benzyl benzoate 1 Limonene 15 Eugenol 1 Schinus molle p-cymene 10 Eugenol 1 Turmeric Pinenes 10 Pinenes 1 Methyl eugenol 40 Pinenes 10 Valerian Linalool 10 Limonene 2 a-terpineol 6 Citral 10 Snakeroot Pinenes 2 Limonene 5 Verbena abs Eugenol 1 Linalool 1 Geraniol 1 Pinenes 1 Terpinen-4-ol 1 Citral 20 Carvone 60 Limonene 15 Spearmint, Chin 60 Limonene 20 Verbena oil a-terpineol 2 Pinenes 2 Linalool 2 Carvone 80 Pinenes 2 Spearmint, Chin 80 Limonene 2 2-Hexenal <0.1 Violet leaves abs Carvone 70 Linalool 4 Spearmint, USA Native Limonene 15 Wintergreen Methyl salicylate 95 and Scot. Pinenes 1 Isoeugenol 0.5 Linalool 50 Geraniol <1 Spike lavender camphor 15 Linalool 10 Limonene 3 p-cresyl meth. eth 10 ylang extra sup. Anethole 85 Methyl benzoate 6 Star anise Estragole 7 Benzyl benzoate 5 Limonene 3 Benzyl salicylate 3 Linalool 2 Farnesol 2 Styrax Cinnamic alcohol 55 Linalool 10 (20) Tangerine Limonene 90 Isoeugenol 0.5 Pinenes 2 Geraniol <1 (2) Tansy a-cedrene 0.2 p- cresyl meth. eth 10 ylang extra, Com. (Mad.) Thujones 80 Benzyl benzoate 6 Estragole 80 Benzyl salicylate 4 Tarragon (tarragon) Limonene 3 Farnesol 3 Pinenes 1 Methyl benzoate 2 Terpinen-4-ol 40 Linalool 10 (15) a-terpinene 10 Methyl benzoate 4 p-cymene 5 Isoeugenol 0.5 Tea tree Limonene 4 Geraniol <1 (2) Ylang I, Com .. (Mad.) A-terpineol 3 Benzyl benzoate 7 Terpinolene 3 Benzyl salicylate 4 p-cymene 2 Farnesol 2 Pinenes 2 p-cresyl meth. eth 8 thymol 50 linalool 8 linalool 7 p-cresyl meth. eth 4 Thyme (T. vulgaris) Pinenes 6 Methyl benzoate 3 Carvacrol 3 Isoeugenol 0.5 Ylang II, Com., (Mad.) Limonene 1 Geraniol <1 (2) p-cymene 15 Benzyl benzoate 8 Thyme, wild (T. serpyllum) Carvacrol 15 Benzyl salicylate 3 Thymol 15 Farnesol 2 Geraniol 10 Linalool 3 Benzyl benzoate 40 Methyl benzoate 1 Tolu abs Benzyl cinnamate 5 p-cresyl meth. eth 1 Cinnamic ald 2 Isoeugenol 0.5 Ylang III, Com., (Mad) Tonka abs Coumarin 65 Geraniol <1 a-cedrene 0.05 Benzyl benzoate 7 Treemoss (U. Barbata) Longifolene 0.05 Benzyl salicylate 4 Pinenes 3 Farnesol 3 a-cedrene 0.05 Limonene 70 Yuzu oil Treemoss (E. Furfuracea) Longifolene 0.05 Pinenes 2 Pinenes 3
20 Merkblatt D05_EU Page 20 of 22 Ver / 2014 Classification of the various components of essential oils The following table was taken from the EFFA Code of Practice 2011 (Attachment IV). Classifications for various components of essential oils are listed. The components that are marked with Annex VI are listed in Annex VI of the CLP Regulation and are officially classified substances. The classifications of the other components are suggestions of the EFFA and can be used for the classification of essential oils, taking into account the self-control. Components EC no. Classification note 1-octen-3-ol Xn; R20 / 22, Xi; R36 / 38, N; R50 2-decenal Xi; R38 2-dodecenal Xi; R38 2-hexenal Xn; R21 / 22, Xi; R43, N ; R51 / 53 3-Carene Xi; R38-43, Xn; R65 a-cedrene Xn; R65, N; R50 / 53 Allyl disulphide Xn; R22, Xi; R38-43 Allyl isothiocyanate T; R23 / 24/25, Xi ; R36 / 37/38, N; R50 / 53 Allyl trisulfide Xn; R22 Amyl alcohols Xn; R20, Xi; R37 / 38 Anh. VI Anethole Xi; R43, N; R51 / 53 a-terpinene Xn; R22-65, N; R51 / 53 a-terpineol Xi; R38 / 38 Benzaldehyde Xn; R22 Anh. VI Benzoic acid Xn; R22, Xi; R36 / 38 Benzyl alcohol Xn; R20 / 22 Anh. VI Benzyl benzoate Xn; R22, N; R51 / 53 Anh. VI Benzyl cinnamate Xi; R43, N; R51 / 53 Benzyl salicylate Xi; R43, N; R51 / 53 Benzylnitrile T +; R26, T; R24, Xn; R22 b-ionone N; R51 / 53 Butylidene phthalide Xn ; R22 Camphene Xi; R36, N; R50 / 53 Camphor Xn; R20-68 / 22 Carvacrol Xn; R22, Xi; R38-43 Carvone Xn; R22, Xi; R43 Cinnamic alcohol Xi; R38-43 Cinnamic aldehyde Xn; R21 , Xi; R38-43 Citral Xi; R38-43 Anh. VI Citronellal Xi; R38-43, N; R51 / 53 Citronellol Xi; R38-43, N; R51 / 53 Coumarin Xn; R22, Xi; R43 Cresols T; R24 / 25, C; R34 Anh. VI Decanal Xi; R38, -; R52 / 53 Dihydro-b-ionone N; R51 / 53 Estragole Xn; R, Xi; R43 Eugenol Xi; R36-43 Farnesol Xi; R36 / 38-43 Geraniol Xi ; R Guaiacol Xn; R22, Xi; R36 / 38 Indole Xn; R21 / 22 Ionones N; R51 / 53 Isoeugenol Xn; R21 / 22, Xi; R36 / 38-43 Isophytol Xi; R38, N; R50 / 53 Isopulegol Xn ; R22 Limonene Xi; R38-43, N; R50 / 53 Anh. VI Linalool Xi; R38 Linalool oxide Xn; R22, Xi; R38 Longifolene Xn; R65, Xi; R43, N; R50 / 53
21 Leaflet D05_EU Page 21 of 22 Ver / 2014 Components EC no. Classification Note Menthofuran Xn; R22, Xi; R38, N; R51 / 53 Menthols Xi; R38 Menthones; R52 / 53 Menthyl acetate N; R51 / 53 Methyl anthranilate Xi; R36 Methyl benzoate Xn; R22 Methyl eugenol Xn, R, N; R51 / 53 Methyl salicylate Xn; R22 Nerolidol N; R50 / 53 Octanal Xi; R36 / 38, -; R52 / 53 p-cresyl methyl ether Xn; R22-63, Xi; R38, -; R52 / 53 p-cymene Xn ; R65, N; R51 / 53 Perilla aldehyde Xi; R38-43 Phen.et.isothiocyante Xn; R22, Xi; R36 Phenol T; 23/24/25, C; R34, Xn; R68-48 / 20/21 / 22 Anh. VI Phenyl ethyl alc Xi; R36 Phytol Xi; R38, N; R50 / 53 Pinenes / Xn; R65, Xi; R38-43, N; R50 / 53 Piperine T; R25 Pulegones Xn; R22 Safrole T; R45, Xn; R22-68 Anh. VI Styrene Xn; R20, Xi; R36 / 38 Anh. VI Terpinen-4-ol Xn; R22, Xi; R38 Terpinolene Xn; R65, N; R51 / 53 Thujones Xn; R22 Thymol Xn; R22, C; R34; N; R51 / 53 Anh. VI Undecatriene Xn; R65, Xi; R38, N; R50 / 53
22 Merkblatt D05_EU Page 22 of 22 Ver / 2014 Appendix 4: What are the most important requirements for the label and the packaging of essential oils? Closure In the case of essential oils (Xn) with the phrase R65, as well as all toxic (T) and caustic (C) oils, which are harmful to health, a child-proof closure is required. Applies to public products only. Hazard symbol (s) with hazard designation (s) * The following hazard symbols and associated designations are often required for pure essential oils. - Xn, "harmful to health" (or possibly Xi, "irritating") - N, "dangerous for the environment" Each symbol must have at least 1 cm edge length, from 125 ml content at least 2 cm. Official designation of the product, trade name or substance designation. For pure substances also EC number, e.g. for lemon oil R and S phrases * (information on dangers and protective measures) Many pure essential oils and mixtures thereof require the following sentences (example): (Note: It is not necessary to give the numbers, text only.) R10: Flammable. R38 1: Irritating to the skin. R 43: Sensitization possible after skin contact. R 51/53 1: Toxic to aquatic organisms. May cause drowsiness and dizziness. R65 Harmful. May cause lung damage if swallowed. S2 5: S24 1, 3: S37 1, 3: S61 1: S62 1, 2: S56 4: Keep out of the reach of children. Avoid skin contact. Wear suitable protective gloves. Avoid release to the environment. Comply with special instructions / consult safety data sheet. Do not induce vomiting if swallowed. Get medical advice immediately and show the packaging or this label. Dispose of this product and its container as hazardous waste. 1 These R or S phrases can be omitted on packaging up to 125 ml. 2 Also required under 125 ml for products with R65. 3 Also required under 125 ml for products with R43. 4 The sentence on disposal is usually only necessary for larger quantities (over 125 ml), except for products with more dangerous properties such as Xn with R65, C, T, T + or F +. 5 Only required for public products. Filling quantity Tactile hazard warning Tactile warning triangle Is required for public products for oils with the symbols Xn (harmful to health), F or F + (highly or extremely flammable) as well as T (toxic) and C (corrosive). Information on the Swiss manufacturer or importer Company name, address and telephone number Information on ingredient (s) ** In the case of preparations (mixtures), information on dangerous ingredients must be provided. Examples: Contains limes. Contains lemon oil. NOTES All of the above information is required in two official languages or the language of the sales area. The writing must be legible (at least like Arial 6-7 pt). The label must be firmly attached to the packaging. Foldable or foldable labels are possible if the hazard symbols and descriptions are visible from the outside. * As a dealer, bottler or importer, you will find this information, i.e. the required symbols, designations, R and S phrases as well as further information in the manufacturer's safety data sheet (Section 15). ** As a dealer, bottler or importer, you will find this information in the manufacturer's safety data sheet (Section 3)
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