How do I raise a puppy

Raising Puppies - The First Weeks - Tips for Dog Breeders

Dog advisor

What should be considered when raising dogs?

Raising puppies carries a great deal of responsibility

Raising puppies places a heavy burden on the breeder as well great responsibility towards the young animals. Even before the young animals are born, you should make some preparations - after the bitch covered you only have 60 days for all kinds of precautions. In addition, there are a few things to consider with regard to the educational measures in the first few weeks, Unfortunately errors often creep in in many places out of ignorance, which accompany the dogs mostly throughout their entire life and are difficult to correct.

Challenge for the dog breeder

Raising puppies is one thing for the breeder exciting, turbulent time, which also very stressful can shape. Especially in the early days, the Continuous monitoring of the puppy's development become. This includes optimal hygienic conditions as warmth and a lovingly designed, clean and dry whelping boxwhere the little ones can take shelter. Most of the animals spend the first three weeks sleeping; after this time they slowly begin to discover the world. Well-considered, forward-looking measures reduce the risk of possible injuries.

Optimal preparation is essential

Your first major, major purchase should be the Whelping boxbe. We recommend a early construction in the run-up to the birth, so that the mother-to-be can already familiarize herself with it. Before giving birth, you have to Clean the box and cover it with (cooked!) Sheets. In the first few weeks you have to changed daily and the whelping box cleaned as disinfected become. In addition to hygiene, it also depends on the correct size of the litter box on - mother and offspring must have enough space. The height of the walls must also be considered, as it is most convenient and easiest for the bitch to get in and out by herself. However, the wall height must not be set too low, otherwise the puppies might flee. The box should be on one warm place in the house be set up where the animals can find sufficient rest, but at the same time contact with humans is ensured.

The first days of a baby dog's life

After the birth it must be ensured that every puppy finds its way to its mother's teats; in this way they receive the urgently needed first milk, which contains the important antibodies for the immune protection of the little ones and thus ensures the survival of the dogs. In addition, you have to do this after the birth and regularly in the following days Measure the weight of the baby dogs (this should be doubled at least after ten days to have). You can z. B. record in a puppy diary. At abnormalities you have to get the vet seek!

The first 14 days - sleep, sleep, sleep

In the first 14 days, the puppies are only near the mother

In this so-called "vegetative phase“During puppy development, babies only move within a certain radius around their mother, the environment is only perceived through touch, smell and warmth stimuli. Because the little ones still keep their body temperature in the first few weeks do not regulate yourself it is essential that you as a breeder for a Room temperature of about 21 degrees Celsius care. In an emergency, if you have the impression that the babies are freezing, you can also use an infrared lamp (but be careful: risk of burns!). After the end of the second week in the life of the puppy, the offspring and mother must be every two weeks for deworming compete. Furthermore, avoid many visitors, as the immune system is very vulnerable and the risk of infection is omnipresent.

 

First discovery tours in the third week

The eyes open slowly, the hearing develops rapidly and the puppies can now finally offensively in contact with their environment step and perceive them seeing as well as hearing. In this transition phase, a lot changes for the little ones - the Body control improves, they can pass feces and urine independently (without stimulation from the mother) and take their first clumsy, initially awkward steps into the big wide world. Acquaintances and friends are now allowed to approach the puppy box (under the supervision of the dog mother). Tips for the breeder: cut the little bully regularly the clawsto prevent unnecessary injuries to the mother's teats. Incidentally, these should be cleaned regularly.

socialization

Puppies like to nibble on everything

In numerous dog guides you come across this one term again and again: socialization. But what or what specific actions are hidden behind the term? Socialization as such is a process in which Dogs deal intensively with their environment, get to know and accept the existing rules and form bonds with other living beings. This process is particularly strong during the first months of life takes place (most important phase approx. from the third to the twelfth week of life) and must sponsored by the breeder are: socialization with conspecifics, other animals, people and dealing with environmental stimuli such as bicycles, crowds, etc. To ensure contact with conspecifics, puppy play lessons are now offered in many places - here the animals learn to get along with dogs of the same age as well as older dogs (play, settle in - and subordinate, etc.).

As a rule, the animals begin active from the fourth week to become, d. H. they want to leave the whelping box and go on wild adventures. The little ones are there extremely curious, therefore you have to pay attention to what you B. left lying on the floor - only too gladly the puppies nibble on everythingThey can easily swallow small parts and choke on them. A puppy run is helpful for this, in which the little ones can have fun without being observed. Pay attention to a rough, not too smooth surface, as this can have a negative effect on the muscles of the animals.

Feed changeover

In these times changes in addition to the level of activity the feeding of the young - The willingness to suckle decreases and the babies are used to additional food such as puppy milk or porridge from the fourth / fifth week. From about the sixth week onwards, you feed them along with them solid food suitable for puppies. In addition to feeding, you also have to do the regular vaccinations Keep an eye on the puppy - the first is also in the sixth week, the second two weeks later. Chipping also takes place in this phase.

The day of the day: examine interested parties and slowly say goodbye

Before handing in the puppies, make sure that they will continue to be well cared for in the future

The day will come when every breeder has to say goodbye to his little darlings. The submission age on markt.de is 12 weeks. According to the Animal Welfare Act, the puppies must not be separated from their mother before they are eight weeks old! The mediation is an important factor, take care of appropriate advertising for your litter at an early stage! Options include advertisements in newspapers or on the Internet, for example on markt.de. If you belong to a pedigree dog club, it is of course a good idea to use it as a platform to mediate the animals.

Finally get in touch interested personsyou should get this consider in detail and obtain various information: How are they Housing conditions? And how are they working hours of interested parties, do they even have enough time to give the animal the attention it needs? It is usually also customary for the future owner to give you the opportunity to look at the dog's new environment so that you can make sure that it is suitable for your puppy.

 

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Image sources:

Image 1: markt.de

Image 2: Tiverylucky / Fotolia.com

Image 3: Rita Kochmarjova / Fotolia.com

Image 4: Pixabay.com / Howliekat