The 1990s were similar to the 1950s
Baden-Württemberg: Youngest population among the large states
Press release 302/2018
Nevertheless: The average age is almost 9 years higher than in 1970
The average age of the population in Baden-Württemberg, which was just under 35 in the early 1950s, had practically not changed until 1970. Since then, however, society has aged significantly: the population was on average 43.4 years old at the end of 2017, which is almost 9 years older than it was in 1970, according to the State Statistical Office. Nevertheless, the south-west has the youngest population of the large-area countries; only in Hamburg (42.1 years) and Berlin (42.6 years) has the average age been lower recently. The oldest is the population in Saxony-Anhalt with an average of 47.7 years, followed by the other new federal states.
The reason for the aging of the population in Baden-Württemberg is, on the one hand, a low birth rate: for almost four decades this was only around 1.4 children per woman1; In recent years, however, there has been a slight increase in the birth rate. On the other hand, the enormous increase in life expectancy - since the early 1970s by almost ten years for women and even eleven years for men - has led to a steady increase in the average age. That Baden-Wuerttemberg despite the meanwhile only average birth rate2 and has the highest life expectancy of the federal states nationwide with the youngest population, is mainly due to a temporary high level of immigration. Because this influx has the effect that the aging of the population has been weakened, since the newcomers were significantly younger than the local population.
1 In order to maintain the population without immigration, an average birth rate of 2.1 children per woman would be required in the long term.
2 In the 1950s and 1960s in particular, however, the average number of children per woman in Baden-Württemberg was still relatively well above the national average; The situation was similar in the first half of the 1990s, because during this period the average number of children per woman in the new federal states was very low. In the meantime, however, the birth rate in the new federal states is again slightly above the average in the former federal territory.
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