What job can a retired professor get

What is an emeritus or professor emeritus?

An emeritus professor or emeritus (female: Emerita, plural: Emeriti, abbreviation: em.) is a partially retired professor. He can be relieved of some day-to-day duties, such as holding lectures, and continuing others, such as his research activities.

Strictly speaking, the emeritus professor is a dying genus: The university framework law has stipulated that this title and the associated rights and obligations are only awarded to professors who have been appointed before a certain point in time. Depending on the federal state, this is in the late seventies or early eighties.

Nowadays, a professor retires and is therefore “out of service”, or “retired” for short. These university professors may also continue to pursue academic activities and, for example, take exams. For them, too, the term emeritus is increasingly used in everyday life, even if this is wrong in the legal sense.


Can the title of professor continue to be used in retirement?

In principle, a professor can continue to use his title after his service, in many federal states expressly without the addition of “out of service”. However, the state university laws apply different conditions for the continuation of the title, for example with regard to the length of the previous service period (see below). Furthermore, some federal states such as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Saxony-Anhalt do not allow professors at private universities to retain their title in retirement. In Hesse and Saxony, on the other hand, this requires approval from the responsible ministry.

How long does a professor have to have taught to be allowed to continue to use the title?

How long a professor must have been active in his position in order to continue to use his title in retirement is regulated, as mentioned, by the respective state university laws. In some cases, the federal states require five or six years, but there is often no deadline.

In the federal states, which also allow lecturers at private universities to continue with the title, the same time regulations apply for the most part as for state universities. Almost all federal states reserve the right to revoke the title in their higher education law if the holder does not prove to be worthy of it. Even those who leave the service before reaching the age limit - without being incapacitated - may lose the right to their title in some federal states. The Hochschullehrerbund (hlb) has put together a detailed overview of the provisions of the individual federal states, including a quote from the respective state university law.

These regulations for the continuation of the title in retirement apply in the individual federal states with regard to the previous years of service.

What salary can a professor emeritus expect?

The so-called retirement salary of emeritus professors essentially depends on the amount of the last salary as well as the previous years of service. Not only are the years in which the emeritus worked as professor, but also the studies and phases of further scientific qualification are taken into account. The retirement pension can be up to 71.75 percent of the last salary - minus taxes. Here you will find an overview of how the payments are made up and what applies to salaried professors.