Who was Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Anne Morrow Lindbergh (Born June 22, 1906 in Englewood, New Jersey as Anne Spencer Morrow; † February 7, 2001 in Vermont) was the wife, co-pilot and navigator of Charles A. Lindbergh and a writer. She is the most honored among the female aviation pioneers.
Anne Morrow was the second of four children of US Senator Dwight Whitney Morrow (1873-1931) and the poet and suffragette Elizabeth Reeve Cutter (1873-1955).
In 1928 she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts. On May 27, 1929, she married Charles Lindbergh. The Lindberghs had a total of six children:
- Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (June 22, 1930 to March 1, 1932)
- Jon Morrow Lindbergh (born 1932)
- Land Morrow Lindbergh (* 1937)
- Anne Spencer Lindbergh (1940-1993)
- Scott Lindbergh (born 1942)
- Reeve Lindbergh (born 1945)
Anne Morrow Lindbergh did her first solo flight in 1929 and obtained her license in 1930, but she was usually Lindbergh's co-pilot, navigator and radio operator on his historical research flights. In 1931 they flew the still largely unknown “Great Circle Route” from Canada via Alaska to Japan and China in a single-engine aircraft. Anne described this arduous journey in her first book North to the Orient.
In 1932, the drama of the kidnapping and murder of his baby Charles rocked the couple and the American public.
In 1933 Charles and Anne Lindbergh were the first to complete the North Atlantic and South Atlantic routes (Lists! The wind). The National Geographic Society honored her in 1934 as the first woman with the Hubbard Gold Medal for her research flights on all five continents.
Anne Morrow Lindbergh was the first woman to hold a glider license in the United States. She published a total of 13 books, including the life guide and bestseller published in 1955Gift from the sea (Seashells in my hand), which achieved a total circulation of over a million copies. The author and aviation pioneer has been awarded honorary degrees by five universities. In 1993 she was awarded the Aerospace Explorer Award for her life's work.
She died in her sleep in her Vermont home on February 7, 2001.
- 1930 - Anne Morrow Lindbergh becomes the first American woman to obtain her flight license.
- 1930 - As the navigator of Charles Lindbergh, she breaks the record in transcontinental flight with him (Los Angeles to New York)
- 1931 - She is the first woman to be licensed as a private pilot.
- 1931 - She is the first woman to fly the "Great Circle Route" from Canada to China (together with her husband)
- 1933 - Exploration of the North Atlantic flight route (together with her husband).
Anne Morrow Lindbergh (1934)
- 1933 - Cross of Honor of the U.S. Flag Association for their part in researching flight routes across the Atlantic
- 1934 - Hubbard Gold Medal from the National Geographic Society for her part in exploring flight routes on all five continents
- 1993 - Aerospace Explorer Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 1935 - Honorary Masters Degree from Smith College
- 1939 - Honorary Doctorates from Amherst College and the University of Rochester
- 1970 - Honorary Doctorate for her books from Smith College
- 1979 - Induced into the National Aviation Hall of Fame
- 1985 - Honorary Doctorate from Gustavus Adolphus College
- 1993 - Aerospace Explorer Award from the Women in Aerospace Association
- 1996 - Induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame
- 1999 - Induced into the International Women in Aviation Pioneer Hall of Fame
- 1932 – North to the Orient.
- German: I fly with my husband
- 1938 – Lists! The wind.
- German: Wind on many coasts
- 1940 – The Wave of the Future
- 1944 – The steep ascent
- 1955 – Gift from the Sea. Pantheon Books, New York
- German: Seashells in my hand. 54th edition. Piper, Munich / Zurich 1990, ISBN 3-492-11425-3
- 1956 – The Unicorn and Other Poems from 1935-1955
- 1962 – Dearly Beloved
- 1969 – Earth Shine
- 1972 – Bring Me a Unicorn: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1922-1928
- German: Bring me the unicorn
- 1973 – Hour of Gold, Hour of Lead: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1929-1932
- German: Hours of gold, hours of lead
- 1974 – Locked Rooms and Open Doors: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1932-1935
- German: Locked rooms, open doors
- 1976 – The Flower and the Nettle: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1936-1939
- German: Flower and nettle
- 1980 – War Within and Without: Diaries and Letters of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 1939-1944 (Pulitzer Prize)
- German: World without peace
- Dorothy Herrmann: I want to go with the clouds. Biography of Anne Morrow Lindbergh. Goldmann, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-442-42363-5.
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