What are island states
The Pacific Islands are adapting to climate change
Rising sea levels: new beginning in Fiji
Together with the Fijian government, regional partners and the people affected, GIZ has, for example, developed resettlement guidelines - a novelty for the region. The experience with the pilot village Narikoso is extremely valuable for future climate-related resettlements in the region: in Fiji alone, around 40 communities have been identified that should be relocated because of the risk of flooding.
The first relocations are planned in Narikoso: in 2019 seven new houses will be built 150 meters away from the old village. So the community is preserved and the houses are protected from rising sea levels. The houses are connected to the water supply and supplied with electricity from renewable energies through solar panels. But the residents of Narikoso not only need a roof over their heads - they also need a livelihood. That is why the project supports people, for example, in growing heat-compatible types of fruit and vegetables and thus adapting food production to the changed climatic conditions. In addition, the project takes care of coastal protection: Mangroves are planted to prevent land and soil from being eroded. This is to protect 20 families in Narikoso, whose houses are not yet directly threatened by rising sea levels.
The relocations are of a pilot nature and provide groundwork not only for Fiji, but for the entire Pacific region, in which more than ten million people live.
Renewable energies instead of fossil fuels
The Pacific island states also want to reduce their own contribution to climate change and therefore rely on sustainable energy generation - so far, the states have been dependent on fossil fuels. The Solomon Islands, for example, want to cover half of their energy needs with renewable energies by 2020 and at the same time expand the electricity infrastructure.
GIZ is supporting a total of nine Pacific countries in the expansion of renewable energies. In Papua New Guinea, for example, village clinics are being equipped with off-grid solar systems. As a result, refrigerators for medicine and blood products can be operated reliably - a major improvement in health care for the population. By the end of 2020, more than 60 solar and biogas plants in the nine states are expected to supply around 8,500 people with “green” energy.
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