Which bands influenced Led Zeppelin
• 1 band member
• 2 discography
• 3 history of the band
• 3.1 Foundation and early years
• 3.2 First successes
• 3.3 World fame
• 3.4 Creative crisis and dissolution of the band
• 3.5 projects after 1980
• 4 honors
• 5 literature
• 6 web links
Led Zeppelin was a very influential and successful British rock band in the late 1960s and 1970s.
The band developed their own style from elements of rock 'n' roll, blues, folk and psychedelic influences and ultimately became one of the most important hard rock bands in history. Her works are considered milestones in the development of heavy metal into its own style of music.
Led Zeppelin existed from its foundation in 1968 to its dissolution in 1980
• Robert Plant (vocals and harmonica),
• Jimmy Page (guitars, theremin),
• John Paul Jones (bass, guitars, mandolin, keyboards, organ, mellotron) and
• John Bonham (drums, percussion, backing vocals).
The band's revolutionary style was generally rejected by the music press. The band members gave few interviews, concentrated on their albums and tours and sometimes refused to follow the usual customs of the music industry. The fourth album, for example, was not given a name, but was marked with four symbols, which made marketing and reporting difficult, but emphasized the importance of the music compared to sales names.
The release of profitable singles mostly happened only under pressure from their record company. Her best-known and most successful song, Stairway to Heaven, never appeared as a single. The pieces Whole Lotta Love, Rock and Roll, Kashmir and Dazed and Confused are also widely known.
History of the band
Foundation and early years
The band was originally formed in 1968 by Jimmy Page under the name "The New Yardbirds" in order to comply with existing contracts for gigs that had been made before the original Yardbirds split up. After these first concerts the name was changed to "Led Zeppelin".
The name is an allusion to the prophecy that the band would crash like a leaden airship ("go over like a lead balloon"). To clarify the ambiguous pronunciation of lead, the a has been deleted. There are various stories about the origin of the name, according to John Paul Jones, the idea came from Keith Moon, the drummer of The Who, who wanted to use the name for his own, never realized band project and the name ultimately came from the musicians of Led Zeppelin left. However, John Entwistle, the former bassist of The Who, also claimed the idea for himself.
Led Zeppelin ultimately became one of the musically most influential and popular bands of the 1970s. The rock ballad Stairway to Heaven contributed to the legend to a not inconsiderable extent. In addition to many other musicians, the members of the Guns N 'Roses group openly admit that they have taken Led Zeppelin as a great, almost unattainable role model. It was often rumored, but never proven, that Jimmy Page had built a satanic message into "Stairway to Heaven" or had it built into it. The band had to deal with such press campaigns throughout their history, mainly due to Jimmy Page's well-known interest in occultism.
Shortly after the first tour, the band's first groundbreaking album was released. The combination of blues and rock influences with distorted amplifiers made it a pivotal point in the development of hard rock and started the successful band career - especially in the USA, where they toured tirelessly from then on. Also worth mentioning is Dazed And Confused. In this piece, Jimmy Page plays the strings on his guitar (bowed guitar) with a violin bow.
The second album, simply named Led Zeppelin II, followed the same style and featured the famous Whole Lotta Love riff that defined the band's sound, driven by the rhythm department of John Bonham and John Paul Jones.
Jimmy Page and Robert Plant were fans of the blues; the Led Zeppelin hit Whole Lotta Love (in the original: I need your love) and Lemon Song (in the original: Killing Floor) were originally penned by Willie Dixon. The band was also fond of American rock 'n' roll, playing songs that Elvis Presley and Eddie Cochran had made famous. Led Zeppelin's stage shows could last over three hours; Sprawling and improvised live versions of their song repertoire often included powerful arrangements of John Lee Hooker, James Brown, Stax and Motown-influenced funk and soul music.
For the recordings of their third album - Led Zeppelin III - the band moved to Bron-Yr-Aur, a remote country house in Wales with no electricity. The result was a more acoustic sound (and two songs, Bron-Yr-Aur and Bron-Yr-Aur Stomp - incorrectly written Bron-Y-Aur Stomp on the cover) that was heavily influenced by Celtic and folk music and a new side of Jimmy Pages' musical versatility.
In 1971, the band's fourth album, titled only with four cryptic symbols, followed - it became known as Led Zeppelin IV or Four Symbols. One piece in particular aroused enthusiasm immediately: the eight-minute rock ballad Stairway to Heaven. All the characteristic style elements of the band can be found in the song: Robert Plant's expressive vocals, the rhythmic power of the drums operated by John Bonham, supported and carried by John Paul Jones on the organ and the virtuosity of Jimmy Pages on the guitar. Coupled with the cryptic, mystical lyricism of the text, this led to a multi-layered ballad that is still considered one of the most important classics of this genre. The album as a whole is also considered to be a milestone in rock music because of the new, varied style that the band produced here at the peak of their creative powers.
In 1973 an immensely successful US tour followed, during which the band consolidated their reputation as a legendary live act and as an important rock protagonist through their extensive concerts, but also through their excesses in the field of "Sex and Drugs".
In 1974 Led Zeppelin founded his own label, Swan Song Records. Apart from their own oeuvre, the following bands were represented with their records on the label: Bad Company, The Pretty Things, Maggie Bell, Detective, Dave Edmunds, Midnight Flyer, Sad Café and Wildlife.
The four musicians recorded their first double album - Physical Graffiti - in 1975 for Swan Song. The album included new pieces as well as old pieces that were left over from the sessions for the last three albums. The band again showed a wide musical range with titles such as the melodic "Ten Years Gone", the acoustic "Black Country Woman", a dynamic "Trampled Underfoot" and the well-known, Indian-Arabic-inspired "Kashmir".
In 1975, after another successful US tour and the five legendary concerts in London (Earls Court), the band began shooting for the upcoming concert film. During this creative break, Robert Plant and his wife were involved in a car accident in Rhodes in which Plant broke his ankle. The band went back to the studio because this accident made another US tour that had already been planned impossible.
When recording her sixth studio album Presence, Robert Plant was forced to sit in a wheelchair or in an armchair. Although the album was a sales hit (with a platinum rating), it was viewed by many as a disappointing work. The thoughtful arrangements of the previous albums have been replaced by spontaneous jams like "Nobody's Fault But Mine". However, with "Achilles Last Stand" a complex rock epic can also be found on the album. Even so, some critics claimed that the band's legendary excesses were now taking their toll.
In the late autumn of 1976 the concert film "The Song Remains the Same" and the accompanying soundtrack were finally released. Although the concert was from 1973, this film remained the only document of Led Zeppelin's live performances for more than 20 years.
An extensive US tour with dozens of concerts followed in 1977, which was sold out within a few days of its announcement.
The course of the concert in Pontiac, Michigan, was a symbol of the band's legendary reputation in the USA at the time: the Silverdome was sold out after just one day, and according to official figures, the band ultimately played in front of more than 76,000 enthusiastic fans and broke with it The Who world record from the year before. Shortly before the end of the tour - the band still had seven completely sold-out concerts ahead of them, including in front of more than 80,000 fans in the Superdome in New Orleans - Robert Plant received the news that his five-year-old son Karac died on July 26 of an aggressive virus infection was. The tour was then canceled.
Creative crisis and dissolution of the band
Led Zeppelin recorded only a few songs in 1978 and were rarely heard live - the death of Robert Plant's son had affected the entire band badly. The depressed mood was deepened by less tactful press reports, which, among other things, linked Jimmy Page's interest in occultism with accidents in the band's environment.
After the band had overcome their creative crisis and started their comeback with several concerts, including at the Knebworth Festival, these efforts were suddenly destroyed by the death of drummer John "Bonzo" Bonham on September 25, 1980 as a result of excessive alcohol consumption (Bonham choked on his vomit in his sleep). The remaining band members decided to disband Led Zeppelin.
Projects after 1980
In 1984 the only album by the band The Honeydrippers, founded by Robert Plant, was released, "The Honeydrippers, Vol. 1". Plant founded the Honeydrippers in 1981 as a project to return to its pre-Led Zeppelin roots: blues, rock'n'roll and R&B. In addition to Jimmy Page, members included Jeff Beck, Nile Rodgers (Chic), Robbie Blunt, Andy Sylvester (Savoy Brown) and others.
In 1985 Led Zeppelin performed with Phil Collins on drums at Live Aid, a gigantic benefit festival. In May 1988 Led Zeppelin appeared for the last time with John Bonham's son, Jason Bonham, on the 20th anniversary of their former record company Atlantic Records.
At the beginning of the 90s, Jimmy Page went back to the studio and gradually remixed all of the old records digitally. At the same time, Jimmy Page and Robert Plant did new joint projects, including the 1994 album No Quarter, in which they re-recorded old Led Zeppelin pieces together with Arab musicians and the London Metropolitan Orchestra.
In 2003, the triple CD How the West Was Won was released, an impressive documentary of the band's live concerts. It includes concert recordings from 1972 in the LA Forum on June 25th and in the Long Beach Arena two days later.
Also in 2003, the Led Zeppelin DVD was a retrospective with 5 1/2 hours of material, mainly concert recordings, on 2 DVDs. Almost the entire history of the band is documented, especially the live recordings give an idea of why Led Zeppelin is one of the most successful bands in rock history.
Led Zeppelin was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on January 12, 1995.
On February 12, 2005, Led Zeppelin received the Grammy for Lifetime Achievement.
As announced in November 2005, Led Zeppelin will be awarded the Polar Music Prize on May 22, 2006 as “great pioneers of rock music”.
• Ritchie Yorke, Led Zeppelin - biography of a band, 1st edition 1994, vgs verlagsgesellschaft Köln
• Paul Kendall, Dave Lewis: Led Zeppelin talking, 1st edition 1981, Omnibus press; German at Schwarzkopf and Schwarzkopf, Berlin
• Richard Cole, R.Trubo: LED ZEPPELIN - Stairway to Heaven 1st edition of the German edition 1993
• Jürgen Seibold: Led Zeppelin, 1st edition 1993, Paul Zsolnay Verlag Vienna ISBN 3-552-05110-4
• Dave Lewis: The Tight But Loose Files - Celebration 2, 1st edition 2004, Music Sales Corporation, ISBN 1844490564
• Dave Lewis with Simon Pallett: Led Zeppelin: The Concert File, 2nd edition 2005, Omnibus Press, ISBN 1844496597
• Luis Rey: Led Zeppelin Live - An Illustrated Exploration of Underground Tapes, 3rd edition 1997, Hot Wacks Press, ISBN 0969808070
• The official homepage
• Largest unofficial homepage with a lot of picture material
• Current information from the fanzine 'Tight But Loose' (since 1978)
• A German site with many subpages
• Texts for the songs Led Zeppelin
• A recommended fan page with lots of tabs
Jimmy Page - Robert Plant - John Paul Jones - John Bonham
Studio albums: Led Zeppelin - Led Zeppelin II - Led Zeppelin III - Led Zeppelin IV - Houses of the Holy - Physical Graffiti - Presence - In Through the Out Door - Coda
Live albums: The Song Remains the Same - BBC Sessions - How the West Was Won
Films: The Song Remains the Same - Led Zeppelin DVD
Songs: "The Battle of Evermore" - "Dazed and Confused" - "Stairway to Heaven" - "When the Levee Breaks"
Other: Peter Grant - Swan Song Records
This article is based on the article LedZeppelin from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is under the GNU Free Documentation License. A list of the authors is available on Wikipedia.
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