Why is Italys Colosseum important
History of the Colosseum
Construction of the Flavian amphitheater, better known as the Colosseum, began around AD 70 under Emperor Vespasian. The Colosseum was built in a valley after a lake located here was drained, which belonged to the Domus Aurea of Nero between the hills Palatine, Esquiline and Caelius. Emperor Titus inaugurated the Colosseum in 80, but 2 years later the work was not completed until the upper floors were built.
The Colosseum became the largest Roman amphitheater with an elliptical structure 188 meters long, 156 meters wide and 57 meters high. Built of bricks and clad with travertine stone, it was divided into five levels and offered space for more than 50,000 people. The areas were divided into social classes. The closer you sat to the arena, the higher the rank you belonged to.
In the nineteenth century, changes were made to the Colosseum and despite the effects of the attacks during World War II, this majestic and imposing structure became a cultural asset of the city and the world that endured through time and wars.
What is the Colosseum today?
Although the Colosseum is now in ruins, it continues to impress with its size and beauty, which is why it has been one of the New Seven Wonders of the World since 2007.
The Colosseum in Rome is now the symbol of Rome in the world and over time it has become a historical and archaeological treasure capable of reminding us of the greatness of the Roman Empire. According to an estimate by the Ministry of Culture, the Colosseum receives 6 million visitors a year and is the most visited monument in Italy.
Curiosities about the Colosseum
Did you know that a festival was organized to mark the opening of the Colosseum, which lasted 100 days and during which dozen gladiators were killed? 80 BC The Roman Colosseum was inaugurated after three years of construction. The historian Dion Casio reports that 9,000 tamed and wild animals were killed during the games for the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater.
Did you know that you can visit a total of 3 museums with one entrance ticket to the Colosseum? With the ticket for the Colosseum you can also visit the Palatine Hill and the Roman Forum and it is valid for 2 days from the first day of use.
The Roman Forum is a true sanctuary of ancient Rome, where basilicas, temples, the Senate Curia, the speaker's platform and the House of the Vestals once stood. Today you can only see the remains, but you can relive history at each of these magnificent sites. Above the valley of the Roman Forum lies the Palatine Hill, on which are the ruins of the imperial residence, the construction of which was started under Augustus and completed by his successors, and where you can visit courtrooms, basilicas, underground passages, etc.
Why should you visit the Colosseum?
The Colosseum is part of the history of an empire that organized gladiator fights between gladiators or against wild animals and unreal spectacles such as the “naumachie”, real sea battles in an arena filled with water, for the pleasure of the citizens of Rome. Beneath the arena of the Colosseum were numerous corridors and rooms designed to house the gladiators and wild animals, which could be brought into the center of the arena by a series of elevators and staircases.
How can I visit the Colosseum?
Probably the most famous monument in the world, the Colosseum offers different solutions to those who want to visit and discover the secrets of ancient Rome. In view of the very high influx, it is absolutely advisable to reserve in order to avoid the long queues at the entrance. In addition to a simple admission ticket, with which you can also visit the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill, it is possible to join a group tour, which also includes a bus tour to Piazza Venezia. You can also request a private guide to tour the entire archaeological site.
Other sights nearby
Very close to the Colosseum is the Roman Forum, with the following must-see sights:
- The two triumphal arches, of which that of Titus stands out because of its size and importance. It commemorates the triumph of Titus over the Jews in 70.
- The Dioskurentempel (Castor and Pollux), which became an icon of ancient Rome due to its three Corinthian columns
- The imposing building of the Maxentius basilica
- The House of the Vestals with the moving courtyard, where we can recreate the life of the only female priestesses in Rome, whose mission was linked to the fate of the city.
Not far from the Colosseum is Castel Sant'Angelo, a fortress that also served as a palace where the Popes spent long periods of time during difficult times. For this reason there are elegant rooms decorated with elegant Renaissance frescoes.
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