Which physical process is the most random

Properties of macroscopic systems

Statistical Physics pp 1-36 | Cite as


Our entire sensory world is made up of things that macroscopic, d. H. are very large compared to atomic dimensions, which are made up of a large number of atoms or molecules. This macroscopic world is tremendously diverse and complex; it contains gases, liquids, solids and biological organisms of various types and compositions. Accordingly, various areas of research developed: physics, chemistry, biology and other branches of natural science. In this book we have set ourselves the interesting task of delving a little into the problems of macroscopic systems and their fundamental properties. We would particularly like to address the question to what extent the few comprehensive theories of atomic physics and the terms contained therein can lead to an understanding of macroscopic systems, especially their observed behavior. We want to investigate how the quantities that describe the directly measurable properties of such systems depend on one another, and how these quantities can be derived from the atomic characteristics of the systems.

That I recognize what holds the world together inside, see ’all power and seeds, and’ no longer rummage around in words.

Goethe, fist1)

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 1977

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