How do I turbo a car

Turbocharger know-how

Treat your turbocharger well. He will thank you with a long life.

When the engine is in operation, the turbocharger is subject to the highest loads due to its design. Under full load, it is exposed to exhaust gas temperatures of over 1,000 ° C and runs at up to 300,000 revolutions per minute. Under normal conditions of use, the turbocharger usually reaches the service life of the engine. To achieve this, you must adhere to the engine manufacturer's operating and service instructions. Deviations and environmental errors can damage the turbocharger even before the engine is damaged.

What you can contribute to the service life of the turbocharger yourself

If an engine that is running at high speed is switched off, the turbocharger continues to work for a certain time without the lubrication of the turbocharger being ensured. You should therefore first let the engine run at low speed for about 20 seconds. When the engine is started, it takes about 30 seconds for full oil pressure to build up in the oil circuit. Only then may the engine be brought to a higher speed.

In order to avoid extreme differences in temperature, it is essential to warm up your vehicle before putting higher loads on the engine and thus the turbocharger. After driving your car with a high load, you should drive your vehicle "cold" again and do not park your vehicle when it is hot, because the intermittent cooling and the accumulated heat that builds up shorten the service life of your turbocharger.

Try to avoid major damage to the turbocharger

If you notice oil leaks, vibrations or unnatural noises from the turbocharger, switch off the engine. The cause of the fault may still be easy to eliminate in the initial stage. However, if the turbocharger continues to operate, this can lead to massive consequential damage. Since the turbocharger runs at very high speeds, even the smallest error can be transferred to other components such as bearings, seals, etc. via the rotating parts and severely damage them. Due to the high speeds, the bearings of a turbocharger that is insufficiently lubricated can fail within a few seconds.

Get to know your turbocharger

The most common turbocharger damage results from the following causes:

  • Contaminated oil, e.g. from dirt, fuel, water
  • Insufficient oil supply, e.g. oil pressure, filter
  • Penetration of foreign bodies, e.g. into the compressor or the turbine
  • Overheating, e.g. due to exhaust gas temperatures being too high

 

If you want to avoid this damage, familiarize yourself with the effects of driving behavior and maintenance on the turbocharger. Your turbocharger rewards prudence and prevention with a long service life.