What is the Amharic word for Voip

Everything you need to know about Ethiopia

Travel warning | text = "The state of emergency imposed in February 2018 was declared ended on June 5, 2018. The situation has eased significantly in most parts of the country. Partial travel warning for the regions Somali, North Afar (including Danakil Depression) and Gambella.“| date = 06/07/2018 | D-A-CH = A | warn = T | day = 07 | month = 06 | year = 2018
quickbar | Location = File: LocationEthiopia.png | Map of East Africa with the location of Ethiopia | Flag = File: Flag of Ethiopia.svg | 150px | Flag of Ethiopia | Capital = Addis Ababa | Form of government = Federal Republic (single-couple state) | Currency = 1 Birr (Br) = 100 Cents
1 EUR = 32.30 birr (06-2018)
| Area = 1.13 million km² | Population = 96.6 million | Official language = Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Guragigna, Somali, Arabic | Religion = Muslims 45% to 50%, Ethiopian Orthodox Christians 35% to 40%, animists 12%, others 3% to 8% | Connector systems = | Telephone code = +251 | TLD = .et | Time zone = UTC + 3 (CET + 2h)
Ethiopia (also Abyssinia) is in East Africa. Bordering countries are Eritrea, Djibouti (State) | Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan and Sudan.



Addis Ababa - capital with about 3 million inhabitants
Awasa - larger city on Lake Awasa
Arba Minch - (translated 'forty springs') place on Abaya and Chamo Lake, beginning of the Nech Sar National Park | Nech Sar National Park
Bahir Dar - city on Lake Tana in the northern highlands of Amhara
Gondar - Former capital in the northern highlands of Amhara
Lalibela - city in the northern highlands with the famous rock-hewn churches

Other goals

Location map | map = et | lat = 9.017 | long = 38.758 | name = Addis Ababa | label = Addis Ababa | labelPosition = 9 | marksize = 10 | width = 300x300 | caption = Map of Ethiopia | mapStyle = right | places =
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 9.6 | long = 41.867 | Name = Dire Dawa | label = Dire Dawa | labelPosition = 10
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 8.53 | long = 39.267 | Name = Adamar | label = Adamar | labelPosition = 6
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 13.48 | long = 39.467 | Name = Mek'ele | label = Mek'ele | labelPosition = 9
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 11.13 | long = 39.63 | Name = Dese | label = Dese | labelPosition = 3
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 11.55 | long = 37.367 | Name = Bahir Dar | label = Bahir Dar | labelPosition = 9
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 7.67 | long = 36.83 | Name = Jimma | label = Jimma | labelPosition = 9
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 7.05 | long = 38.467 | Name = Awassa | label = Awassa | labelPosition = 6
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 9.3 | long = 42.117 | Name = Harar | label = Harar | labelPosition = 5
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 12.6 | long = 37.467 | Name = Gonder | label = Gonder | labelPosition = 9
Location map addLocation | map = et | lat = 12.03 | long = 39.043 | Name = Lalibela | label = Lalibela | labelPosition = 3

Blue Nile Falls (Tissisat) National parks:
Abijatta Shalla Lakes National Park
Awash National Park
Bale Mountains National Park
Nech Sar National Park - on Lake Abaya and Lake Chamo in the southwest, crocodile and hippopotamus kingdom
Mago National Park
Simien National Park
Yangudi National Park Cultural sites:
Konso in the south was declared a World Heritage / Africa # Ethiopia | UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011.
Fortified city of Fasil Ghebbi in Gondar
The rock-hewn churches in Lalibela in the northern highlands are part of the World Heritage / Africa # Ethiopia | UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Island monasteries on Lake Tana
Harar (the fourth holiest city for Muslims)


Those who travel to Ethiopia should be aware that, according to the most recent study by the IMF 2005, Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world. You can also see people with terrifying diseases on the streets. Unfortunately, polio, tuberculosis and bad burns all over the body are still part of everyday life.

getting there

Image: Ethiopia Visa.jpg | thumb | Ethiopian Visa.

Entry requirements

An entry visa for Ethiopia is required for all nationals; Citizens of Kenya and Djibouti are excluded.

vCard | type = embassy | before = Responsible is the | name = Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia | address = Boothstraße 20 & nbsp; a, Berlin | phone = + 49 (30) 77 20 60|[email protected] de | fax = | url = http: //www.aethiopien-botschaft.de/ | hours = consular department Mon.-Fri. 09.00-14.00 | price = tourist visa: 30 days, 1 entry: 36 €; 90 days, multiple 63 € | lat = | long = | lastedit = | description = leaflet

vCard | type = embassy | before = People living in Hesse, Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria and Rhineland-Palatinate can also obtain a visa from | name = Consulate General | address = Eschersheimer Landstraße 105-107, 60322 Frankfurt am Main | phone = + 49 (69 ) 97 26 96 0 | email = | fax = | url = http: //ethio-consulate-frankfurt.de/konsularische-dienstleistungen/ | hours = Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 8.30am-5.30pm (lunch break from 12.30pm) | price = | lat = | long = | lastedit = 2016-11-20 | description = Processing time approx. one week.
The Ethiopian Embassy in Berlin is also responsible for Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Ethiopian honorary consulates do not issue entry permits.

vCard | type = embassy | before = For Swiss and Austrians: | name = Section consulaire de l'Ambassade | address = Rue de Moillebeau 56, 1211 Genève 19 | phone = (022) 919 70 10 |[email protected] | fax = | url = | hours = | price = 1 entry: 48 sfr | lat = | long = | lastedit = 2016-11-20 | description =
; Visa on Arrival
When entering via Addis Ababa Airport & ndash; and only there & ndash; are available for North Koreans and most Central Europeans, including Germans, Swiss (excluding Liechtensteiners) and Austrians, “Visa on Arrival” (this does not apply to naturalized Eritreans or Somalis). However, the infrastructure at the airport is not suitable for providing a large number of arriving tourists with entry visas quickly and easily. Long waiting times are to be expected. Prices 30 days, 1 entry: 45 €; 90 days, multiple 72 € (at the daily rate). [http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/sid_4ED09D1BD184D72FD3D6756D6B6B6A08/DE/Laenderinformationen/00-SiHi/Nodes/AethiopienSicherheit_node.html] (zggr. 2016-11 -08)
; eVisa
The eVisa, which was introduced in 2017, has been available to citizens of all nationalities since June 1, 2018. As the visa-on-arrival it is only valid for entry at Addis Ababa Airport.
; Stay extensions
Visa extensions must be applied for at the Immigration Office in Addis Ababa. Double the visa fee is due (not payable in local currency).
; Yellow fever
A valid yellow fever vaccination certificate is required, also for neighboring countries.

By plane

Ethiopian Airlines has greatly expanded its network since joining the Star Alliance in 2011 and made Addis Ababa a hub for low-cost flights to sub-Saharan Africa. Flights from Munich usually land in Rome, while from Frankfurt am Main there are direct flights. The journey with the competitors Emirates, Egypt Air, Turkish Airlines or Qatar Air takes significantly longer because of the necessary transfer connections.
There is no visa desk at the domestic airport terminal. All East African flights from Ethiopian however, they are dispatched here.

By train

Image: Railway Addis Ababa – Djibouti.png | thumb | Railway Addis Ababa - Djibouti, open. 2016.
In October 2016, the ultra-modern Djibouti-Ethiopia railway, built with Chinese help, was opened in standard gauge. After a trial run, passenger traffic is to begin towards the end of 2017. [http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/infrastructure/single-view/view/ethiopia-djibouti-railway-inaugurated.html] (2016-10-06 ) The 756 km long route goes from Sebeta / Addis Ababa via Awash and Miesso to Djibouti. It replaces the old meter gauge route built by the French.
Two more connecting lines are under construction, which will run from Awash and the Djibouti-Ethiopia Railway along the edge of the East African rift valley and the Ethiopian highlands. This means that destinations in northwest Afar on the Danakil Depression, in the Ethiopian highlands (such as Lalibela) and Tigray (including Mek'ele) can also be reached from Addis Ababa or Djibouti. The time required is more hours than days. Ethiopia bought trains that also offer sleeping car comfort.

By bus

There is no possibility to enter Ethiopia directly by bus, you have to change at the border.
To / from Kenya is the only practicable way over the border at Moyale (770 km from Addis Ababa). On the Ethiopian side, the road is “paved” throughout. On the Kenyan side, several hundred kilometers of roads are unpaved. From here there is a bus to Marsabit (8½ hours) from where you can get to Nairobi via Isiolo (a total of 800 km).
; Djibouti
There are daily buses between Djibouti (city) | Djibouti and Dire Dawa (10-12 hours; 3000 & nbsp; DJF or 230 & nbsp; Birr) via Gelille. Departure of the buses of the Société Bus Assajog is in Djibouti on Av. Gamel Abdel Nasser early in the morning.
The way from Djibouti to Logiya is much more complicated. To do this, a minibus first goes to Galafi (approx. 5 & nbsp; km from the border, in Ethiopia 11 ° 45'20.5 "N, 41 ° 50'16.5" E) from there with a bus that runs once a day (3 & nbsp; ; St., 100 Birr).
; Somaliland
From the capital Hargeisa you drive to the border crossing at Wajaale (approx. 100 km, 2 hours; 9 ° 36 'N, 43 ° 19'54.5 "E) with onward travel options to Jigjiga and from there to Harar (each 3-3½ & nbsp ; St.).
; Sudan
From Khartoum you drive to al-Qadarif القضارف. Via Doka you get to the border town of Gallabat القلابات / Metema (12 ° 57'28.9 "N, 36 ° 09'07.1" E). From there there are minibuses to Gonder (180 km, 3 hours, tar road) or directly to Addis (2 days travel time).

In the street

Ethiopia maintains passable border crossings to each of its neighboring countries. The land border with Eritrea has been at since September 11, 2018
marker | type = border control | name = Zalambessa (Zela Ambesa) | url = | lat = 14.537078 | long = 39.387910 | format = f1
opened again. It is unclear to what extent, in view of the still existing travel permit requirement in Eritrea, this transition may be used by third-country nationals.
When entering with your own vehicle, please note that crossing the border is only possible Monday to Friday during the day (before 6 p.m.).
The vehicle must also be exported again, otherwise an import tax is due, which can amount to up to 150% of the new value.
One way of driving out of the Sudan There is a road border crossing in Gallabat. However, a few kilometers after the border, the customs document (Carnet de Passage) must be translated into Amharic, which costs exactly one US $. It is important to ensure that no change is given.
To / from Kenya is the only practicable way over the border at Moyale (770 km).
Since 2010, in addition to the carnet, a letter from the respective embassy in Addis Ababa has been required to certify that the vehicle will be exported again. Cost about 20 €.


Buses leave early in the morning around sunrise. It depends on where you are and where you want to go. Due to the improved roads, the buses sometimes only run in the early morning. Delays are common, but are limited. The prices are regulated by the state; Overcrowding of the buses is excluded. Catering is provided on the way at traditional rest stops, which are now mostly quite modern restaurants. Bread and cola can be bought almost anywhere.
Contract taxis are short-term rented vans or minibuses that usually transport individual travelers a few hundred kilometers in a few hours. Their price is significantly higher. Bajaj (TukTuk) are small motor tricycles that usually do not drive outside of the cities and also not in the center of Addis Ababa. They are the most flexible way of getting around cities. Trolleys / “Lorries” (Sulkies) are single-axle horse carts with a roof. Traveling with it is slow but primal, environmentally friendly and relatively comfortable.
There are some domestic airports, especially in places of tourist interest. Flights are not very expensive and can also be booked on site. When traveling to and from Ethiopia with Ethiopian there is even a discount.


Infobox | Communicate | Communicating with locals is often difficult. Many Ethiopians learn English, but unfortunately it is often very, very bad, so that sometimes you don't understand anything at all. It is advisable to learn a few bits of Amharic. In Addis you can get by with English, in other cities it can be quite problematic. Last but not least, your hands and feet remain.
The official language is Amharic. In the higher grades, school lessons take place in phrasebook English | English. Communication in English is therefore not a problem, especially in cities, but the level of spoken English is not as high as this would lead one to expect.
Furthermore, local languages ​​are important and widely used, as Ethiopia is a multiethnic state. In the Muslim parts and on the border with Sudan z. Sometimes Arabic is also spoken as a foreign language.


;Exchange rate
June 2018: 1 & nbsp; € = 32.2 birr
Credit cards are rarely accepted. Euro cash can be exchanged in the capital without any problems, in the country you should carry US dollars with you (only new bills, the w: US dollar # banknotes | series from 2006).
(Dec. 2018 :) At least in the cities of the south (Arba Minch, Konso, Jinka) there are numerous banks that not only exchange euros, francs and pounds, but also operate ATMs that can easily convert up to 4000 or 5000 birr on Visa spend per transaction. It is therefore not absolutely necessary to take dollar cash with you. However, dollars are often accepted as a means of payment and are usually charged at a fair, daily exchange rate.
; credit cards
In all tourist locations, the major credit cards Mastercard, Visa and Union Pay are accepted at least in the larger hotels and upscale restaurants, in Addis Ababa also in shops, e.g. supermarkets. The acceptance by travel agencies is lower. However, as there can be disruptions to the connection, a cash reserve is recommended. Credit cards work well when withdrawing cash from machines, with the most common card being Mastercard. Some cards can generally be blocked for Ethiopia, so it makes sense to take several cards with you.
; ATMs
All over the country, including in the smaller provincial towns, ATMs are now set up at banks and, for example, in front of hotels or shops. Mastercard, Visa and sometimes also Maestro are accepted, even if there is no corresponding logo on the outside. A bank that is centrally represented in almost every major town with an international ATM is the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, but all other large banks also offer this service. The maximum amounts are 2,000 or 4,000 Birr, with the latter being cheaper because of credit card fees if it is offered. At the Bole Int. Airport you can get up to 5000 fresh off the press Birr per transaction on arrival. If one machine refuses to accept the card, don't despair and try the next one. But be careful: some credit cards or bank cards are blocked for Ethiopia. Therefore, ask the issuing bank before you start your journey and have it unlocked if necessary. At least two cards from different banks are cheap, and prepaid cards are also extremely useful. You can definitely take your Maestro bank card with you as a cash reserve. Carrying large amounts of dollars, such as high 4-digit amounts, is not recommended for tourists in Ethiopia and is also not necessary. At many bank branches, credit cards can also be used to withdraw cash at the counter (e.g. if the machine fails).
If nothing works, almost every bank branch in the country has a connection to the money transfer services Western Union and Moneygram, where loved ones can push fresh money at home. So you will never run out of money here.
It is recommended that all cash be spent before your return flight. You shouldn't expect to find an exchange office at Bole Airport for the return exchange. The duty free shops also largely expect payment in USD.
<br />

to buy

;Ethiopia is known for its leather products. In this regard, you can buy cheap top quality leather jackets from € 60. It is also a good idea to take coffee and honey home with you. Flowers have become the biggest export hit today. But gold, fruits and teff (dwarf millet) are also exported.


<!-- Abschnitt überarbeiten! 2016-11-20 -->
As a staple food and practically with every meal, this is made from the flour of the millet-like grain w: Teff | Teff won plate-sized flatbread Injera handed. Acting as an "edible" plate, since in Ethiopia people only eat with the right hand for hygienic reasons, it replaces the cutlery. This is accompanied by various sauces, wot called, served, which are prepared in different vegetarian and meat-based versions. However, many Ethiopians cannot afford meat. In addition, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church forbids the consumption of meat and other animal products on Wednesdays and Fridays, so that on these days, even the wealthy people usually eat lentil porridge.
Ethiopian women also mainly prepare two spicy sauces with a lot of melted butter: For poultry or lamb, vegetables or legumes Alicha cooked - made from onions, turmeric, cumin, garlic and ginger. Wot is prepared from red and black pepper, garlic, onions, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, fennel seeds, coriander and ginger, especially for beef. This sauce is hot. Source among others: http://www.forum-mission.de/tiki-index.php?page=Rezepte


Going out is possible in Ethiopia, but only to a limited extent. In the capital there are some good bars with live bands or just local hangouts. Ethiopians are very sociable people.


You will find accommodation in practically every town in Ethiopia. The differences in quality and price are considerable, however, paying a lot does not automatically guarantee high quality - even in better (more expensive) hotels, for example, you are not always safe from bed bugs and similar animals (general problem in developing countries). At the top of the spectrum is the Sheraton in Addis Ababa (from around US $ 200 per night), which offers every imaginable luxury. The lower end is marked by the simplest hostels, which can often only guarantee a limited supply of water and electricity. These rarely cost more than US $ 3 per night.
In terms of price and quality, the state-run hotels are between these two extremes, and for US $ 30 - US $ 60 per night they almost reach European standards. In terms of price / performance level, the private hotels are often the best, offering acceptable accommodation for US $ 10 - US $ 20 per night, often including breakfast. It should be noted that the bill can only be paid in the luxury and state hotels in a foreign currency (mostly US $). Everywhere else you have to rely on the local currency.




public holidays

| class = "prettytable"!meeting || Surname || importance | - | January 7th || Genna || Ethiopian Christmas | - | January / February || Timkat || Ethiopian Epiphany | - | March 2nd || Day of the Battle of Adowa || | - | March / April || Easter || | - | April 6 || Ethiopian Victory Day || | - | May 1st || Labor Day || | - | May 5th || May Day || Victory Day | - | May 28 || National Day || | - | September 11th || Enkutatash || Ethiopian New Years Day | - | September 27th || Masculine Day || Finding the true cross | - | || Id al-Adha * || | - | || Mouloud * || Birthday of the Prophet | - | || Eid-al-Fitre * || End of Ramadan |
<small>*) Die Daten der drei letztgenannten islamischen Feiertage richten sich nach dem Mond.</small>


Security in Ethiopia must be closely monitored. Please clarify the political situation in detail before traveling. Individual regions such as the border with Somalia, Eritrea and Sudan should be avoided due to mines and rebels (former soldiers). However, there is no need to be afraid of an armed robbery. However, theft is quite common, at least in the capital.


To stay healthy, it is highly recommended that you get vaccinated. Hepatitis, yellow fever, meningitis. It is best to discuss this with a tropical doctor in good time before departure. Since malaria is widespread, malaria prophylaxis is also recommended, unless you stay in cities over 2,000 m above sea level. Furthermore, it should be noted that in the Omo Valley (southwest Ethiopia) there is a slight risk of Tse-Tse (sleeping sickness). In addition, of course, the general precautionary measures regarding nutrition (water, fruit, juices etc.) apply.
Tap water should not be drunk anywhere. Bottled water is available everywhere.
The expensive ones Platinum-Packages of a regional additional medical transport / rescue flight insurance (normally only covered to a very limited extent by foreign health insurance) for East Africa from AMREF (2018: US $ 110) also cover Ethiopia.


Scroll Gallery | title = Climate tables of Ethiopia | width = thumb | align = right | background = | border = | File: Ethiopia climate map.jpg | Climate zones. | File: Climate diagram-Addis Abeba-Ethiopia-metrisch-deutsch.png | Addis Abeba. | File: Climate-Diagram-Dessie-Ethiopia-metrisch-deutsch.png | Dessie. | Image: Klimadiagramm-Jimma-Aethiopien-metrisch-deutsch.png | Jimma.



Practical advice

There was a widespread rumor that people should not use Skype or similar VOIP services to communicate with those who stayed at home. Due to "national security concerns", a law was passed in mid-May 2012 that makes the use of these services a criminal offense. The maximum sentence is 15 years in prison. The government has now made it clear that this restriction does not apply to private use. Communication with Skype is not only allowed but also works well where internet is available (2018).
See [http://winfuture.de/news,70315.html]
At times the Internet is shut down completely in Ethiopia. This happens, for example, when political abnormalities occur. In mid-2017, the internet was also completely switched off for a week for the university exams, as cheating had occurred with the help of the internet in the previous year. The fixed-line internet via wifi is very slow and almost all wifi spots in the hotels have permanent disruptions that make smooth surfing impossible. Despite the bad reputation of Ethio Telecom's mobile internet, it usually works very well and it is worth purchasing a SIM card. It is best to buy this in a larger mobile shop, where there are places available for submitting applications. All you have to do is present your passport and bring a passport photo that will be scanned. The staff outside of Addis Ababa often have poor English, so the application process is fun, but always works. The card is activated immediately and should be suitable for fast 3G Internet. The network coverage is good nationwide. The procurement of SIM cards at the main post offices is only recommended with a guide due to the impenetrable bureaucracy and regular overcrowding. The card must now be loaded with 'Vouchercards' (value strips with a code number, e.g. 50 or 100 Birr), which are available in many grocery stores and street vendors, but often not in mobile shops. The top-up takes place by means of a telephone number code, instructions on the value strip. An internet package must then be booked from the loaded credit, also using a telephone code. Instructions for this on the Ethio Telecom website (accessible from the starting credit). As of March 2017, only 0.5 GB packages at 85 Birr could be booked on prepaid cards for tourists, these can be booked and used as often as you like, also accumulated in reserve. The price-performance ratio is worse than in other African countries, but still good. You have to live with occasional longer interruptions (especially DNS problems), some American and other social media, including Google services such as Maps or Youtube, are (partially) blocked. Therefore install offline maps.
Internet cafes are available in all major cities, you can check and send emails. It is worth buying a domestic prepaid card (take your mobile phone with you). They are definitely available in the main post office (Churchill Road), you need two passport photos and a copy of the passport.


See the Addis Ababa # Consulates | appropriate section on the capital.


Adler, Norman; GDR in Ethiopia and late lies; Berlin 2013;
Asfa-Wossen Asserate; The Last Emperor of Africa: Triumph and Tragedy of Haile Selassie; Berlin ²2014;
Cremer, Patric; Proxy war: the Ethiopian-Eritrean border war; Frankfurt 2004
Dornisch, Klaus; Fabled Ethiopia: archeology, history, religion; Darmstadt 2016 (Zabern)
Kreuter, Marie L .; Ethiopia: inside and out, yesterday and today; Norderstedt 2010;
Raunig, Walter; Christian Ethiopia: History - Architecture - Art; Regensburg ²2016 (Schnell & Steiner);
Salomon, Birgit; In search of Saba: traveling in Ethiopia; Hall ²2011;
Cellke, Kefelew; Heyer, Friedrich; Orthodox Ethiopia and Eritrea in Recent History; Heidelberg 2001;
Who wants to learn Amharic: Wedekind, Micha; Amharic word for word; 4 2014 (travel know-how); (CD extra)

Web links

Addisfortune engl. Online newspaper
GeoData | lat = 9.14500 | long = 40.48967 | zoom = 5
This article is based on the article Ethiopia from the wikivoyage
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