What are the dependent variables in psychology

dependent variable

The dependent variable - sometimes also the outcome variable - describes the factor in an experiment that is measured in psychological statistics. Dependent variables are therefore variables whose values ​​are to be predicted with the aid of the independent variables. An experiment with two or more dependent variables is called as multivariate design designated.

In psychology this is mostly a behavior or a mental process, in pedagogy it is mostly a matter of performance. This dependent variable can or should be in response to the manipulations of the independent variables change. The dependent variable always belongs to the “then” part of a hypothesis, which reflects the effects of the independent variables (causes, conditions). In correlation and regression analyzes, one usually speaks of Criterion variables.

Example of a dependent variable: In an experiment, the division of hours in a school class - for example the length of the teaching units - is changed. The performance of the students is then observed and measured over a longer period of time. The division of hours in this case is the independent variable, the dependent variable or response variable is the performance of the students.

More pages on the topic